A Scaled Final Focus Experiment for Heavy Ion Fusion

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A one-tenth dimensionally scaled version of a final focus sub-system design for a heavy ion fusion driver is built and tested. By properly scaling the physics parameters that relate particle energy and mass, beam current, beam emittance, and focusing field, the transverse dynamics of a driver scale final focus are replicated in a small laboratory beam. The experiment uses a 95 {micro}A beam of 160 keV Cs{sup +} ions to study the dynamics as the beam is brought to a ballistic focus in a lattice of six quadrupole magnets. Diagnostic stations along the experiment track the evolution of the transverse ... continued below

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MacLaren, Stephan, Alexander September 19, 2000.

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Description

A one-tenth dimensionally scaled version of a final focus sub-system design for a heavy ion fusion driver is built and tested. By properly scaling the physics parameters that relate particle energy and mass, beam current, beam emittance, and focusing field, the transverse dynamics of a driver scale final focus are replicated in a small laboratory beam. The experiment uses a 95 {micro}A beam of 160 keV Cs{sup +} ions to study the dynamics as the beam is brought to a ballistic focus in a lattice of six quadrupole magnets. Diagnostic stations along the experiment track the evolution of the transverse phase space of the beam. The measured focal spot size is consistent with calculations and the report of the design on which the experiment is based. By uniformly varying the strengths of the focusing fields in the lattice, the chromatic effect of a small energy deviation on the spot size can be reproduced. This is done for {+-}1% and {+-}2% shifts and the changes in the focus are measured. Additionally, a 400 {micro}A beam is propagated through the experiment and partially neutralized after the last magnet using electrons released from a hot tungsten filament. The increase in beam current allows for the observation of significant effects on both the size and shape of the focal spot when the electrons are added.

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  • Report No.: LBNL--46854
  • Report No.: HIFAN 1048
  • Grant Number: DE-AC02-05CH11231
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 860365
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc785929

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  • September 19, 2000

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  • Dec. 3, 2015, 9:30 a.m.

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  • April 1, 2016, 7:50 p.m.

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MacLaren, Stephan, Alexander. A Scaled Final Focus Experiment for Heavy Ion Fusion, thesis or dissertation, September 19, 2000; Berkeley, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc785929/: accessed August 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.