Speciation, Dissolution, and Redox Reactions of Chromium Relevant to Pretreatment and Separation of High-Level Tank Wastes

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Chromium, one of the problematic elements in tank sludges, is considered the most important constituent in defining the total volume of high-level waste (HLW) glass. This proposed research seeks to develop fundamental data for Cr reactions that are not currently available but are essential for developing pretreatment processes for removing Cr from HLW sludges. Our objectives are to study (1) the dissolution of several solid phases (e.g., CrOOH, Cr2O3(c), and (Fe,Cr) binary hydroxides, identified to be important from sludge leaching studies) in highly alkaline solutions and in the presence of other electrolytes (e.g., carbonate, phosphate, sulfate, nitrite), and (2) the ... continued below

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Rai, Dhanpat; Rao, Linfeng & Clark, Sue B. June 1, 2003.

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Description

Chromium, one of the problematic elements in tank sludges, is considered the most important constituent in defining the total volume of high-level waste (HLW) glass. This proposed research seeks to develop fundamental data for Cr reactions that are not currently available but are essential for developing pretreatment processes for removing Cr from HLW sludges. Our objectives are to study (1) the dissolution of several solid phases (e.g., CrOOH, Cr2O3(c), and (Fe,Cr) binary hydroxides, identified to be important from sludge leaching studies) in highly alkaline solutions and in the presence of other electrolytes (e.g., carbonate, phosphate, sulfate, nitrite), and (2) the effect of the nature of Cr solid phases and aqueous species on their redox reactivity with a variety of potential oxidants (e.g., O2 and ferrate). This information will provide critical support for developing enhanced pretreatment strategies for removing Cr from HLW and will achieve a major cost reduction in HLW disposal.

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  • Other Information: PBD: 1 Jun 2003

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  • Report No.: EMSP-81896-2003
  • Grant Number: FG07-01ER14930
  • DOI: 10.2172/834814 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 834814
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc785692

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  • June 1, 2003

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Dec. 3, 2015, 9:30 a.m.

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  • June 10, 2016, 6:14 p.m.

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Rai, Dhanpat; Rao, Linfeng & Clark, Sue B. Speciation, Dissolution, and Redox Reactions of Chromium Relevant to Pretreatment and Separation of High-Level Tank Wastes, report, June 1, 2003; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc785692/: accessed December 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.