Direct Investigations of the Immobilization of Radionuclides in the Alteration Phases of Spent Nuclear Fuel

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In an oxidizing environment, such as the proposed repository at Yucca Mountain (YM), rapid alteration rates are expected for spent nuclear fuel. Laboratory-scale simulations demonstrate that the dominant alteration products under YM repository conditions will be uranyl phases. There is an inadequate database to relate the effects of alteration products to the release of radionuclides, although this information is essential for providing realistic radionuclide-release estimates. It is likely that many radionuclides contained in spent fuel will be incorporated into alteration products with a potentially profound impact on the future mobility of radionuclides in the repository. Our objective is to characterize ... continued below

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Burns, Peter C.; Finch, Robert J. & Wronkiewicz, David J. June 1, 2000.

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In an oxidizing environment, such as the proposed repository at Yucca Mountain (YM), rapid alteration rates are expected for spent nuclear fuel. Laboratory-scale simulations demonstrate that the dominant alteration products under YM repository conditions will be uranyl phases. There is an inadequate database to relate the effects of alteration products to the release of radionuclides, although this information is essential for providing realistic radionuclide-release estimates. It is likely that many radionuclides contained in spent fuel will be incorporated into alteration products with a potentially profound impact on the future mobility of radionuclides in the repository. Our objective is to characterize the incorporation of radionuclides into U(VI) alteration products by synthesizing uranyl phases doped with radionuclides, appropriate surrogate elements, or non-radioactive isotopes, followed by detailed phase characterization by diffraction and spectroscopic techniques. Th is research will permit a more realistic estimate of the release rates of radionuclides from the repository's near-field environment.

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  • Other Information: PBD: 1 Jun 2000

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  • Report No.: EMSP-59960--2000
  • Grant Number: FG07-97ER14820
  • DOI: 10.2172/828407 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 828407
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc785248

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  • June 1, 2000

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  • Dec. 3, 2015, 9:30 a.m.

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  • April 21, 2016, 1:15 p.m.

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Burns, Peter C.; Finch, Robert J. & Wronkiewicz, David J. Direct Investigations of the Immobilization of Radionuclides in the Alteration Phases of Spent Nuclear Fuel, report, June 1, 2000; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc785248/: accessed August 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.