Tracing the Fate of Enhanced Organic Carbon Production during a Southern Ocean Fe Fertilization Experiment using Natural Variations in Carbon and Nitrogen Isotopic Composition

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This project focused on the N and C natural stable isotope response during SOFeX--a purposeful iron (Fe) addition experiment in the Fe limited Southern Ocean. One purpose of the study was to determine if relief of phytoplankton Fe stress would increase productivity sufficiently to enhance C export from surface to deep waters. We proposed that N and C stable isotopes would be useful for tracing this export. Iron was added to waters north and south of the Antarctic Polar Front in waters to the southwest of New Zealand. While both sites have high-nutrient, low chlorophyll conditions (HNLC) typical of Fe ... continued below

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3 pages

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Altabet, M.A. February 5, 2005.

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Description

This project focused on the N and C natural stable isotope response during SOFeX--a purposeful iron (Fe) addition experiment in the Fe limited Southern Ocean. One purpose of the study was to determine if relief of phytoplankton Fe stress would increase productivity sufficiently to enhance C export from surface to deep waters. We proposed that N and C stable isotopes would be useful for tracing this export. Iron was added to waters north and south of the Antarctic Polar Front in waters to the southwest of New Zealand. While both sites have high-nutrient, low chlorophyll conditions (HNLC) typical of Fe limitation, [SiO4] a required nutrient for diatoms was low at the northerly site and high at the southern location. The most extensive coverage occurred at the southern site. Here, FeSO4 was added four different times over an {approx}two week period. We found that: (1) Particulate organic nitrogen and carbon in the mixed layer increased by a factor of 2-3 in response to the Fe addition in the southern patch. (2) PN accumulation and NO3- drawdown were both 1-2 {micro}M during the occupation of the bloom, suggesting retention of particulates within the mixed layer of the southern patch. (3) {sub 15}N of PN and of NO{sub 3}{sup -} increased by 1-2{per_thousand} as [NO{sub 3}{sup -}] decreased, and there is a clear contrast between in- and out-patch stations with respect to particulate {sub 15}N. The isotopic fractionation factor for NO{sub 3}{sup -} was near 5-6{per_thousand} and appears to have been unaffected by Fe fertilization. In contrast, there was little change in {delta}{sup 13}C. (4) The > 54 {micro}m size fraction was typically lighter than the 1-54 {micro}m size fraction by about 0.5 {per_thousand} in {delta}{sup 13}C. In the south patch, this difference increased as the bloom progressed, and with increasing PN concentration. This result may have been caused by large chain-forming diatoms responded to the Fe addition and were likely isotopically lighter than smaller flagellates. Similar observations were made for {delta}{sup 13}C.

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3 pages

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OSTI as DE00837333

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  • Other Information: PBD: 5 Feb 2005

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  • Report No.: NONE
  • Grant Number: FG02-01ER63091
  • DOI: 10.2172/837333 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 837333
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc785104

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  • February 5, 2005

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  • Dec. 3, 2015, 9:30 a.m.

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  • June 10, 2016, 8:18 p.m.

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Altabet, M.A. Tracing the Fate of Enhanced Organic Carbon Production during a Southern Ocean Fe Fertilization Experiment using Natural Variations in Carbon and Nitrogen Isotopic Composition, report, February 5, 2005; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc785104/: accessed September 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.