The Ghanaian Approach to the Development of an Effective Waste Management Regime

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In Ghana, radioactive waste is generated mainly from spent sealed sources, various nuclear applications--diagnostic and therapeutic procedures in medicine and measurement and processing techniques in industry. The radionuclide composition in the waste arising from industry, research and teaching includes 14C, 137Cs, 60Co, 241Am, 3H, 32P, 125I, 192Ir, 131I, 99m Tc, 35S and 90Sr. Ghana is strengthening its radioactive waste management infrastructure, which include the development of a legal framework by providing laws, regulations and guidelines and allocating responsibilities of waste generators, the National Radioactive Waste Management Centre (NRWMC), and the Radiation Protection Board (RPB). The radioactive waste management regulations which ... continued below

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4 pages

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Adu, P. S.; Gbadago, J. K. & Glover, E. T. February 24, 2003.

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Description

In Ghana, radioactive waste is generated mainly from spent sealed sources, various nuclear applications--diagnostic and therapeutic procedures in medicine and measurement and processing techniques in industry. The radionuclide composition in the waste arising from industry, research and teaching includes 14C, 137Cs, 60Co, 241Am, 3H, 32P, 125I, 192Ir, 131I, 99m Tc, 35S and 90Sr. Ghana is strengthening its radioactive waste management infrastructure, which include the development of a legal framework by providing laws, regulations and guidelines and allocating responsibilities of waste generators, the National Radioactive Waste Management Centre (NRWMC), and the Radiation Protection Board (RPB). The radioactive waste management regulations which is in it's final stage of promulgation set up the basic technical and organizational requirements to be complied with by waste generators and operators of waste management facilities and make provisions for penalties for non-compliance with the regulations. With the installation of a 30 kW Research Reactor for neutron activation analysis, 185 TBq 60Co facility for the treatment of cancer at the Korle-bu teaching hospital, 1850 TBq 60Co facility for irradiation of medical and agricultural products and 192Ir sources for industrial radiography, radioactive waste is expected to increase in the near future. At present, waste management is limited exclusively to decay, storage and permissible discharge for liquid waste. Radiation sources and radioactive waste inventory have also been established using the Regulatory Authority Information System (RAIS) and the Sealed Radiation Sources Registry System (SRS). Considering the gradual increase in the generation of radioactive waste, there the need to strengthen the infrastructure for the management of radioactive waste in Ghana. A new working group made up of scientists and technicians with experience in working with ionizing radiation has been formed. This paper will outline the measures being put in place by the NRWMC and the new working group in establishing the appropriate infrastructure for the management of radioactive waste in Ghana.

Physical Description

4 pages

Source

  • Waste Management 2003 Symposium, Tucson, AZ (US), 02/23/2003--02/27/2003

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  • Report No.: NONE
  • Grant Number: none
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 825921
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc784686

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  • February 24, 2003

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Dec. 3, 2015, 9:30 a.m.

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  • Jan. 22, 2016, 5:45 p.m.

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Adu, P. S.; Gbadago, J. K. & Glover, E. T. The Ghanaian Approach to the Development of an Effective Waste Management Regime, article, February 24, 2003; (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc784686/: accessed August 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.