Measurement of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon concentrations in the plume of Kuwait oil well fires

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Description

Following their retreat from Kuwait during February and March of 1991, the Iraqi Army set fire to over 500 oil wells dispersed throughout the Kuwait oil fields. During the period of sampling from July to August 1991, it was estimated that between 3.29 {times} 10{sup 6} barrels per day of crude oil were combusted. The resulting fires produced several plumes of black and white smoke that coalesced to form a composite ``super`` plume. Because these fires were uncontrolled, significant quantities of organic materials were dispersed into the atmosphere and drifted throughout the Middle East. The organic particulants associated with the ... continued below

Physical Description

24 p.

Creation Information

Olsen, K.B.; Wright, C.W.; Veverka, C.; Ball, J.C. & Stevens, R. March 1, 1995.

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Authors

  • Olsen, K.B.
  • Wright, C.W.
  • Veverka, C. Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)
  • Ball, J.C. Ford Motor Co., Dearborn, MI (United States). Scientific Research Lab.
  • Stevens, R. US Environmental Protection Agency (United States). Atmospheric Research and Exposure Assessment Lab.

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Publisher

  • Pacific Northwest Laboratory
    Publisher Info: Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)
    Place of Publication: Richland, Washington

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Description

Following their retreat from Kuwait during February and March of 1991, the Iraqi Army set fire to over 500 oil wells dispersed throughout the Kuwait oil fields. During the period of sampling from July to August 1991, it was estimated that between 3.29 {times} 10{sup 6} barrels per day of crude oil were combusted. The resulting fires produced several plumes of black and white smoke that coalesced to form a composite ``super`` plume. Because these fires were uncontrolled, significant quantities of organic materials were dispersed into the atmosphere and drifted throughout the Middle East. The organic particulants associated with the plume of the oil well fires had a potential to be rich in polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) compounds. Based on the extreme mutagenic and carcinogenic activities of PAHs found in laboratory testing, a serious health threat to the population of that region potentially existed. Furthermore, the Kuwait oil fire plumes represented a unique opportunity to study the atmospheric chemistry associated with PAHs in the plume. If samples were collected near the plume source and from the plume many kilometers downwind from the source, comparisons could be made to better understand atmospheric reactions associated with particle-bound and gas-phase PAHs. To help answer health-related concerns and to better understand the fate and transport of PAHs in an atmospheric environment, a sampling and analysis program was developed.

Physical Description

24 p.

Notes

INIS; OSTI as DE95008897

Source

  • Other Information: PBD: Mar 1995

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Identifier

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  • Other: DE95008897
  • Report No.: PNL--10454
  • Grant Number: AC06-76RL01830
  • DOI: 10.2172/82480 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 82480
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc783559

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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Creation Date

  • March 1, 1995

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Dec. 3, 2015, 9:30 a.m.

Description Last Updated

  • April 7, 2016, 6:22 p.m.

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Olsen, K.B.; Wright, C.W.; Veverka, C.; Ball, J.C. & Stevens, R. Measurement of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon concentrations in the plume of Kuwait oil well fires, report, March 1, 1995; Richland, Washington. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc783559/: accessed October 16, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.