New Permeameters for in situ Characterization of Unsaturated Heterogeneous Permeability

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Thick unsaturated zones underlie many Department of Energy (DOE) landfills, industrial areas, and waste storage sites in the western United States and are the primary pathway for contaminants to migrate into underlying aquifers. The spatial variability of unsaturated hydraulic properties in these heterogeneous geologic materials directly influences the movement of water and non-aqueous phase liquids (NAPL's). Poor characterization of heterogeneity may lead to ineffective remedial designs and increased risk, requiring subsequent additional remedial actions at increased cost and time. Remedial design can be improved using probabilistic risk-based decision analysis, which requires a large number of hydraulic property observations. Laboratory methods ... continued below

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Wilson, John L. & Glass, Robert June 1, 1999.

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Description

Thick unsaturated zones underlie many Department of Energy (DOE) landfills, industrial areas, and waste storage sites in the western United States and are the primary pathway for contaminants to migrate into underlying aquifers. The spatial variability of unsaturated hydraulic properties in these heterogeneous geologic materials directly influences the movement of water and non-aqueous phase liquids (NAPL's). Poor characterization of heterogeneity may lead to ineffective remedial designs and increased risk, requiring subsequent additional remedial actions at increased cost and time. Remedial design can be improved using probabilistic risk-based decision analysis, which requires a large number of hydraulic property observations. Laboratory methods for estimating the unsaturated permeability are expensive, time-consuming, and may not yield results representative of heterogeneous field conditions. Simple and rapid field methods for estimating in situ unsaturated permeability are appealing and potentially cost-effective. The primary objective of our EMSP research is to design, develop, and test new permeameters for use in spatial variability studies. We have established a series of permeameter design criteria, including: (1) measurements should be relatively rapid, (2) the total cost per data point should be low, (3) results would accurately reflect the variation of unsaturated hydraulic properties between sampled locations, (4) the volume sampled (measurement support) would be small, and (5) useful range would be relevant to the range of soil moisture conditions encountered at DOE sites

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  • Other Information: PBD: 1 Jun 1999

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  • Report No.: EMSP-55109-1999
  • Grant Number: FG07-96ER14704
  • DOI: 10.2172/827405 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 827405
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc783260

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Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is the Department of Energy (DOE) office that collects, preserves, and disseminates DOE-sponsored research and development (R&D) results that are the outcomes of R&D projects or other funded activities at DOE labs and facilities nationwide and grantees at universities and other institutions.

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  • June 1, 1999

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  • Dec. 3, 2015, 9:30 a.m.

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  • April 21, 2016, 7:40 p.m.

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Wilson, John L. & Glass, Robert. New Permeameters for in situ Characterization of Unsaturated Heterogeneous Permeability, report, June 1, 1999; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc783260/: accessed December 11, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.