Colloid-Facilitated Transport of Radionuclides Through the Vadose Zone

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We have completed the studies on reactions of minerals with caustic Hanford tank waste solutions. Systematic studies on the effects of different anions, cations, and the radionuclide Cs-137 were completed and technical manuscripts on these experiments were submitted for publication. The concentration of NaOH and the type of anion played the dominant roles in determining minerals formed. Increasing NaOH concentration and temperature enhanced the formation of feldspathoids; when NaOH concentration was high (e.g.,16 M), stable cancrinite and sodalite formed rapidly. Cancrinite formed in the presence of nitrate or sulfate; sodalite formed in the presence of chloride, carbonate or without added ... continued below

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Flury, Markus; Lichtner, Peter C. & McCarthy, John F. June 1, 2003.

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Description

We have completed the studies on reactions of minerals with caustic Hanford tank waste solutions. Systematic studies on the effects of different anions, cations, and the radionuclide Cs-137 were completed and technical manuscripts on these experiments were submitted for publication. The concentration of NaOH and the type of anion played the dominant roles in determining minerals formed. Increasing NaOH concentration and temperature enhanced the formation of feldspathoids; when NaOH concentration was high (e.g.,16 M), stable cancrinite and sodalite formed rapidly. Cancrinite formed in the presence of nitrate or sulfate; sodalite formed in the presence of chloride, carbonate or without added anions. Low concentration of Cs (< 100 mM) did not affect the formation of lepispheric cancrinite and sodalite, whereas only highly crystalline cancrinite formed when Cs concentration was >250mM. The presence of K did not alter but slowed down the formation of cancrinite and sodalite. The presence of divalent cations led to the formation of intermediate or stable silicates, aluminates, hydroxides or even aluminosilicates. We investigated the incorporation of Cs and the stability of the incorporated Cs in feldspathoids, zeolites, and allophane that may form in the sediments under conditions mimicking Hanford tank leaks. The incorporated Cs was quantified by atomic absorption spectroscopy after digestion in 1 M HCl. Cancrinite, sodalite, LTA zeolite, the 3-D cross-shaped zeolite, and allophane were capable to preferentially incorporate Cs when they form in the alkaline simulants.

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  • Other Information: PBD: 1 Jun 2003

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  • Report No.: EMSP-86814--2003
  • Grant Number: FG07-02ER62882
  • Grant Number: FG07-02ER63496
  • DOI: 10.2172/839340 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 839340
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc783203

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  • June 1, 2003

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  • Dec. 3, 2015, 9:30 a.m.

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  • Nov. 3, 2016, 1:54 p.m.

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Flury, Markus; Lichtner, Peter C. & McCarthy, John F. Colloid-Facilitated Transport of Radionuclides Through the Vadose Zone, report, June 1, 2003; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc783203/: accessed December 12, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.