Pre-shot predictions and instrumentation of the KUCHEN experiment Metadata

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Title

  • Main Title Pre-shot predictions and instrumentation of the KUCHEN experiment

Creator

  • Author: Moran, B.
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Heinle, R.A.
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Harben, P.E.
    Creator Type: Personal

Contributor

  • Sponsor: United States. Department of Energy.
    Contributor Type: Organization
    Contributor Info: USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)

Publisher

  • Name: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
    Place of Publication: California
    Additional Info: Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

Date

  • Creation: 1995-05-01

Language

  • English

Description

  • Content Description: We calculated the peak particle velocity and peak acceleration at gage locations for the three explosions of the KUCHEN experiment. Our predictions of the peak particle velocities and accelerations are consistent with a variety of other estimates which include surface motion obtained from underground nuclear explosions in alluvium, a tamped HE explosion at the Nevada Test Site, and the ConWep estimates which are used for conventional weapons effects calculations. We also predict the air blast over-pressure and the temperature rise in the air inside the cavity of the decoupled explosion and find that the peak pressure at the top of the cylindrical cavity is about 50 bars and that the shock-wave reverberations inside the cavity have a period of about 100 ms. After 500 ms, the shock wave reverberations inside the cavity of the decoupled explosion are considerably attenuated and the equilibrium state before any significant diffusion or thermal conduction occurs is a pressure of 5 bars and a temperature of 1100{degrees}C. The instrumentation of the experiment is designed for containment diagnostics, near-field in-situ motion, and ground motion monitoring. The containment diagnostics include an air-blast overpressure gage, an RF Interferometer, a strain gage, two thermocouples and two cavity pressure gages. Additional gages detect the presence of hazardous detonation products. Near field motion diagnostics include four three-axis accelerometers at various depths and a single three-axis velocity gage. The seismic ground motion sensors are located in 24 distinct locations and distributed in a modified symmetrical pattern around the borehole. Using a simple constitutive model which correctly predicts peak particle velocity data in porous alluvium, we calculated a decoupling factor that varies from 4 to 11 in the frequency range between 1 and 30 hertz. Using that same model, we calculated a decoupling factor of 15 in a spherical cavity with equivalent volume.
  • Physical Description: 35 p.

Subject

  • Keyword: Nuclear Explosions
  • STI Subject Categories: 35 Arms Control
  • Keyword: Seismic Detection
  • Keyword: Underground Explosions
  • Keyword: Decoupling
  • Keyword: Seismic Detectors
  • Keyword: Ground Motion
  • Keyword: Experiment Planning
  • Keyword: Nevada Test Site
  • Keyword: Simulation
  • Keyword: Pressure Gages
  • Keyword: Arms Control
  • Keyword: Detection
  • Keyword: Verification
  • Keyword: Interferometers
  • Keyword: Thermocouples
  • Keyword: Mathematical Models
  • Keyword: Nuclear Explosion Detection
  • Keyword: Strain Gages
  • STI Subject Categories: 45 Military Technology, Weaponry, And National Defense

Source

  • Other Information: PBD: May 1995

Collection

  • Name: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports
    Code: OSTI

Institution

  • Name: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
    Code: UNTGD

Resource Type

  • Report

Format

  • Text

Identifier

  • Other: DE95014514
  • Report No.: UCRL-ID--121036
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • DOI: 10.2172/83118
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 83118
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc783044

Note

  • Display Note: OSTI as DE95014514