Miniature Chemical Sensor Combining Molecular Recognition with Evanescent Wave Cavity Ring-Down Spectroscopy

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A new chemical detection technology has been realized through EMSP Projects 60231 and 73844 that addresses DOE environmental management needs. The new technology is based on a variant of the sensitive optical absorption technique, cavity ringdown spectroscopy (CRDS). Termed evanescent-wave cavity ring-down spectroscopy (EW-CRDS), the technology employs a miniature solid-state optical resonator having an extremely high Q-factor as the sensing element, where the high-Q is achieved by using ultra-low-attenuation optical materials, ultra-smooth surfaces, and ultra-high reflectivity coatings, as well as low-diffraction-loss designs. At least one total-internal reflection (TIR) mirror is integral to the resonator permitting the concomitant evanescent wave to ... continued below

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Pipino, Andrew C. R. & Meuse, Curt W. December 31, 2004.

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Description

A new chemical detection technology has been realized through EMSP Projects 60231 and 73844 that addresses DOE environmental management needs. The new technology is based on a variant of the sensitive optical absorption technique, cavity ringdown spectroscopy (CRDS). Termed evanescent-wave cavity ring-down spectroscopy (EW-CRDS), the technology employs a miniature solid-state optical resonator having an extremely high Q-factor as the sensing element, where the high-Q is achieved by using ultra-low-attenuation optical materials, ultra-smooth surfaces, and ultra-high reflectivity coatings, as well as low-diffraction-loss designs. At least one total-internal reflection (TIR) mirror is integral to the resonator permitting the concomitant evanescent wave to probe the ambient environment. Several prototypes have been designed, fabricated, characterized, and applied to chemical detection. Moreover, extensions of the sensing concept have been explored to enhance selectivity, sensitivity, and range of application. Operating primarily in the visible and near IR regions, the technology inherently enables remote detection by optical fiber. Producing 11 archival publications, 4 conference proceedings, 5 patents, 19 invited talks, a CRADA, and a patent-license agreement, Projects 60231 and 73844 realized a new chemical detection technology providing >100 times more sensitivity than comparable technologies, while also providing practical advantages.

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  • Other Information: PBD: 31 Dec 2004

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  • Report No.: EMSP-73844
  • Grant Number: AI07-97ER62518
  • DOI: 10.2172/839390 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 839390
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc782035

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  • December 31, 2004

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  • Dec. 3, 2015, 9:30 a.m.

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  • April 21, 2016, 2:30 p.m.

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Pipino, Andrew C. R. & Meuse, Curt W. Miniature Chemical Sensor Combining Molecular Recognition with Evanescent Wave Cavity Ring-Down Spectroscopy, report, December 31, 2004; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc782035/: accessed September 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.