Final Report

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Final report for program on the study of structure and properties of epitaxial oxide films. The defect structure of epitaxial oxide thin films was investigated. Both binary and complex oxides were studied. Epitaxial oxides were synthesized by organometallic chemical vapor deposition (OMCVD). This technique has been found to be highly versatile for the synthesis of a wide range of epitaxial oxide including dielectrics, ferroelectrics and high T{sub c} superconductors. Systems investigated include the binary oxides ZnO and TiO{sub 2} and ferroelectric oxides BaTiO{sub 3}, BaSrTiO{sub 3} and KNbO{sub 3}. Techniques used to evaluate the defect structure included deep level transient ... continued below

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8 pages

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Wessels, B. W. August 2, 2002.

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Description

Final report for program on the study of structure and properties of epitaxial oxide films. The defect structure of epitaxial oxide thin films was investigated. Both binary and complex oxides were studied. Epitaxial oxides were synthesized by organometallic chemical vapor deposition (OMCVD). This technique has been found to be highly versatile for the synthesis of a wide range of epitaxial oxide including dielectrics, ferroelectrics and high T{sub c} superconductors. Systems investigated include the binary oxides ZnO and TiO{sub 2} and ferroelectric oxides BaTiO{sub 3}, BaSrTiO{sub 3} and KNbO{sub 3}. Techniques used to evaluate the defect structure included deep level transient spectroscopy (DLTS), photocapacitance spectroscopy, and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. High purity, stoichiometric oxide films were deposited and their defect structure evaluated. Epitaxial ZnO was deposited at temperatures as low as 250 C. PL indicated only near band edge ultraviolet emission showing that both extrinsic and intrinsic point defects could be significantly lowered in OMCVD derived thin films compared to that of the bulk. This presumably was a result of low deposition temperatures and high purity starting materials. Ferroelectric oxides epitaxial thin films of BaTiO{sub 3} and the solid solution BaSrTiO{sub 3} were synthesized and the defect structure determined. Photocapacitance spectroscopy was developed to quantify electrically active defects in the oxides. Defects with concentrations as low as 10{sup 14} cm{sup -3} were observed and their properties determined. A new model was developed for the electronic transport properties of intrinsic and extrinsic BaTiO{sub 3}. A transport model was proposed whereby conduction in La doped films occurs via hopping in localized states within a pseudogap formed between a lower Hubbard band and the conduction band edge. The influence of the size effect on the ferroelectric phase transition in the thin films was investigated. The Curie temperature shifted more than 100 C as a result of strain stabilization of the low symmetry phase. The dielectric properties of BaTiO{sub 3} showed a strong thickness dependence for films ranging from 15 to 320 nm. The dynamic dielectric and non-linear optical relaxation response of the ferroelectric thin films was studied over nine orders of magnitude in time from 1 nsec to 1 sec. A power law dependence of the relaxation response on time was observed and a model developed. The dynamic response was analyzed in terms of relaxation of ferroelectric domains with a continuous size distribution. Domain size ranged from nanometers to microns. This continuous size distribution also leads to a diffuse phase transition as observed for the thin films.

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8 pages

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OSTI as DE00836271

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  • Other Information: PBD: 2 Aug 2002

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  • Report No.: NONE
  • Grant Number: FG02-85ER45209
  • DOI: 10.2172/836271 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 836271
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc781476

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  • August 2, 2002

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  • Dec. 3, 2015, 9:30 a.m.

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  • Aug. 4, 2016, 7:45 p.m.

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Wessels, B. W. Final Report, report, August 2, 2002; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc781476/: accessed August 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.