Determination of Primordial Metallicity and Mixing in the Type IIP Supernova 1993W

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We present the results of a large grid of synthetic spectra and compare them to early spectroscopic observations of SN 1993W. This supernova was discovered close to its explosion date and at a recession velocity of 5400 km/s is located in the Hubble flow. We focus here on two early spectra that were obtained approximately 5 and 9 days after explosion. We parameterize the outer supernova envelope as a power-law density profile in homologous expansion. In order to extract information on the value of the parameters a large number of models was required. We show that very early spectra combined ... continued below

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Baron, E.; Nugent, Peter E.; Branch, David; Hauschildt, Peter H.; Turatto, M. & Cappellaro, E. December 11, 2002.

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We present the results of a large grid of synthetic spectra and compare them to early spectroscopic observations of SN 1993W. This supernova was discovered close to its explosion date and at a recession velocity of 5400 km/s is located in the Hubble flow. We focus here on two early spectra that were obtained approximately 5 and 9 days after explosion. We parameterize the outer supernova envelope as a power-law density profile in homologous expansion. In order to extract information on the value of the parameters a large number of models was required. We show that very early spectra combined with detailed models can provide constraints on the value of the power law index, the ratio of hydrogen to helium in the surface of the progenitor, the progenitor metallicity and the amount of radioactive nickel mixed into the outer envelope of the supernova. The spectral fits reproduce the observed spectra exceedingly well. The spectral results combined with the early photometry predict that the explosion date was 4.7 {+-} 0.7 days before the first spectrum was obtained. The ability to obtain the metallicity from early spectra make SN IIP attractive probes of chemical evolution in the universe and by showing that we have the ability to pin down the parameters of the progenitor and mixing during the supernova explosion, it is likely to make SN IIP useful cosmological distance indicators which are at the same time complementary to SNe Ia.

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  • Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 586; Journal Issue: 2pt1; Other Information: Journal Publication Date: April 1, 2003

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  • Report No.: LBNL--51878
  • Grant Number: AC03-76SF00098
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 823460
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc781115

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Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • December 11, 2002

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  • Dec. 3, 2015, 9:30 a.m.

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  • Dec. 15, 2016, 1:24 p.m.

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Baron, E.; Nugent, Peter E.; Branch, David; Hauschildt, Peter H.; Turatto, M. & Cappellaro, E. Determination of Primordial Metallicity and Mixing in the Type IIP Supernova 1993W, article, December 11, 2002; Berkeley, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc781115/: accessed June 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.