Study of the effects of high temperatures during quenches on the performance of a small Nb(3)Sn racetrack magnet

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Several high field Nb{sub 3}Sn magnets of different design are under development for future particle accelerators. The high levels of stored energy in these magnets and the high current densities in the conductor can cause high peak temperatures during a quench. The thermal gradients generated in the epoxy-impregnated magnet coils during the fast temperature rise can result in high thermo-mechanical stresses. Considering the sensitivity of Nb{sub 3}Sn to strain and epoxy cracks, it is important to define a maximum acceptable temperature in the coils during a quench which does not cause degradation of the magnet performance. A program was launched ... continued below

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714 Kilobytes pages

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al., Linda Imbasciati et March 23, 2004.

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Several high field Nb{sub 3}Sn magnets of different design are under development for future particle accelerators. The high levels of stored energy in these magnets and the high current densities in the conductor can cause high peak temperatures during a quench. The thermal gradients generated in the epoxy-impregnated magnet coils during the fast temperature rise can result in high thermo-mechanical stresses. Considering the sensitivity of Nb{sub 3}Sn to strain and epoxy cracks, it is important to define a maximum acceptable temperature in the coils during a quench which does not cause degradation of the magnet performance. A program was launched at Fermilab to study the effects of thermo-mechanical stress in Nb{sub 3}Sn coils, supported by experiments and by analysis. In collaboration with LBNL, a sub-scaled magnet was built and instrumented to measure the effect of the thermo-mechanical shock during magnet quenches. The magnet consisted of two racetrack coils, assembled in a common coil configuration with a small gap in between. During the test, the magnet reached the maximum field of {approx} 11 T at the short sample current of 9100 A. Temperature excursions up to 400 K did not diminish the magnet quench performance; only after temperature excursions over 430 K, the magnet showed detraining effects, which reduced occasionally the quench current of about 6%. Signs of irreversible degradation (reducing the maximum current of about 3%) appeared only after temperature excursions over 550 K.

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714 Kilobytes pages

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  • EUCAS 2003 European Applied Superconductivity, Sorrento, Napoli (IT), 09/14/2003--09/18/2003

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  • Report No.: FERMILAB-Conf-03-464
  • Grant Number: AC02-76CH03000
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 822216
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc780904

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  • March 23, 2004

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  • Dec. 3, 2015, 9:30 a.m.

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  • Aug. 5, 2016, 3:37 p.m.

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al., Linda Imbasciati et. Study of the effects of high temperatures during quenches on the performance of a small Nb(3)Sn racetrack magnet, article, March 23, 2004; Batavia, Illinois. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc780904/: accessed August 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.