Contaminant-Organic Complexes: Their Structure and Energetics in Surface Decontamination Processes

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The current debate over possible decontamination processes for DOE facilities is centered on disparate decontamination problems, but the key contaminants (Thorium [Th],uranium [U], and plutonium [Pu]) are universally important. Innovative agents used alone or in conjunction with traditional processes can increase the potential to reclaim for future use some these valuable resources or at the least decontaminate the metal surfaces to allow disposal as nonradioactive, nonhazardous material. This debate underscores several important issues: (1) regardless of the decontamination scenario, metal (Fe, U, Pu, Np) oxide film removal from the surface is central to decontamination; and (2) simultaneous oxide dissolution and ... continued below

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Ainsworth, Calvin C.; Hay, Benjamin P.; Traina, Samuel J. & Myneni, Satish C. B. June 2003.

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Description

The current debate over possible decontamination processes for DOE facilities is centered on disparate decontamination problems, but the key contaminants (Thorium [Th],uranium [U], and plutonium [Pu]) are universally important. Innovative agents used alone or in conjunction with traditional processes can increase the potential to reclaim for future use some these valuable resources or at the least decontaminate the metal surfaces to allow disposal as nonradioactive, nonhazardous material. This debate underscores several important issues: (1) regardless of the decontamination scenario, metal (Fe, U, Pu, Np) oxide film removal from the surface is central to decontamination; and (2) simultaneous oxide dissolution and sequestration of actinide contaminants against re-adsorption to a clean metal surface will influence the efficacy of a process or agent and its cost. Current research is investigating the use of microbial siderophores (chelates) to solubilize actinides (i.e., Th, U, Pu) from the surface of Fe oxide surfaces. Continuing research integrates (1) studies of macroscopic dissolution/desorption of common actinide (IV) [Th, U, Pu, Np] solids and species sorbed to and incorporated into Fe oxides, (2) molecular spectroscopy (FTIR, Raman, XAS), to probe the structure and bonding of contaminants, siderophores and their functional moieties, and how these change with the chemical environment, (3) and molecular mechanics and electronic structure calculations to design model siderophore compounds to test and extend the MM3 model.

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  • Other Information: PBD: 1 Jun 2003

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  • Report No.: EMSP-82773-2003
  • Grant Number: FG07-98ER14926
  • Grant Number: FG07-01ER63283
  • DOI: 10.2172/835367 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 835367
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc780293

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  • June 2003

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  • Dec. 3, 2015, 9:30 a.m.

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  • April 18, 2016, 1:37 p.m.

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Ainsworth, Calvin C.; Hay, Benjamin P.; Traina, Samuel J. & Myneni, Satish C. B. Contaminant-Organic Complexes: Their Structure and Energetics in Surface Decontamination Processes, report, June 2003; Richland, Washington. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc780293/: accessed September 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.