Simulations of ion beam neutralization in support of theneutralized transport experiment

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Heavy ion fusion (HIF) requires the acceleration, transport, and focusing of many individual ion beams. Drift compression and beam combining prior to focusing result in {approx}100 individual ion beams with line-charge densities of order 10{sup -5} C/m. A focusing force is applied to the individual ion beams outside of the chamber. For neutralized ballistic chamber transport (NBT), these beams enter the chamber with a large radius (relative to the target spot size) and must overlap inside the chamber at small radius (roughly 3-mm radius) prior to striking the target. The physics of NBT, in particular the feasibility of achieving the ... continued below

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Welch, D.R.; Rose, D.V.; Yu, S.S. & Henestroza, E. September 7, 2003.

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Heavy ion fusion (HIF) requires the acceleration, transport, and focusing of many individual ion beams. Drift compression and beam combining prior to focusing result in {approx}100 individual ion beams with line-charge densities of order 10{sup -5} C/m. A focusing force is applied to the individual ion beams outside of the chamber. For neutralized ballistic chamber transport (NBT), these beams enter the chamber with a large radius (relative to the target spot size) and must overlap inside the chamber at small radius (roughly 3-mm radius) prior to striking the target. The physics of NBT, in particular the feasibility of achieving the required small spot size, is being examined in the Neutralized Transport Experiment (NTX) at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Interpreted by detailed particle-in-cell simulations of beam neutralization, experimental results are being used to validate theoretical and simulation models for driver scale beam transport. In the NTX experiment, a low-emittance 300-keV, 25-mA K{sup +} beam is focused 1 m downstream into a 4-cm radius pipe containing one or more plasma regions. The beam passes through the first 10-cm-long plasma, produced by an Al plasma arc source, just after the final focus magnet and propagates with the entrained electrons. A second, 10-cm-long plasma (produced with a cyclotron resonance plasma source) is created near focus to simulate the effects of a photo-ionized plasma created by the heated target in a fusion chamber. Given a 0.1-{pi}-mm-mrad beam emittance, two and three-dimensional particle-in-cell (PIC) LSP simulations of the beam neutralization predict a < 2-mm beam rms radius at focus with only the first plasma. The beam radius can be further improved with the addition of the second plasma located further downstream.

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  • Third International Conference on Inertial FusionScience and Applications, IFSA '03, Monterey, CA, September 7-12,2003

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  • Report No.: LBNL--55233
  • Report No.: HIFAN 1335
  • Grant Number: DE-AC02-05CH11231
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 861132
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc780141

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  • September 7, 2003

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  • Dec. 3, 2015, 9:30 a.m.

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  • April 1, 2016, 7:50 p.m.

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Welch, D.R.; Rose, D.V.; Yu, S.S. & Henestroza, E. Simulations of ion beam neutralization in support of theneutralized transport experiment, article, September 7, 2003; Berkeley, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc780141/: accessed August 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.