Fate and Transport of Radionuclides Beneath the Hanford Tank Farms: Unraveling Coupled Geochemical and Hydrological Processes in the Vadose Zone

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The overall goal of this research is to provide an improved understanding and predictive capability of coupled hydrological and geochemical mechanisms that are responsible for the accelerated migration of radionuclides in the vadose zone beneath the Hanford Tank Farms. The study is motivated by the technological and scientific needs associated with the long-term management of the enormous in-ground inventories of multiple contaminants at the Hanford site. Our objectives are to (1) provide an improved understanding of how lithological discontinuities within the sediments influence the propensity for preferential flow and matrix diffusion at different water contents, (2) quantify the significance of ... continued below

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Jardine, Philip M.; Ainsworth, Calvin C. & Fendorf, Scott June 1, 2002.

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Description

The overall goal of this research is to provide an improved understanding and predictive capability of coupled hydrological and geochemical mechanisms that are responsible for the accelerated migration of radionuclides in the vadose zone beneath the Hanford Tank Farms. The study is motivated by the technological and scientific needs associated with the long-term management of the enormous in-ground inventories of multiple contaminants at the Hanford site. Our objectives are to (1) provide an improved understanding of how lithological discontinuities within the sediments influence the propensity for preferential flow and matrix diffusion at different water contents, (2) quantify the significance of downward vertical advection, lateral spreading, and physical nonequilibrium processes on radionuclide transport under variable hydrologic conditions, and (3) quantify the rates and mechanisms of {sup 137}Cs, {sup 235/238}U, and {sup 99}Tc interaction with the solid phase under various hydrodynamic conditions and to determine how physical heterogeneities (i.e. stratification, pore regime connectivity) influence the retardation and degree of geochemical nonequilibrium during contaminant transport.

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  • Other Information: PBD: 1 Jun 2002

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  • Report No.: EMSP-70219--2002
  • Grant Number: FG07-99ER62889
  • DOI: 10.2172/833672 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 833672
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc778979

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  • June 1, 2002

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  • Dec. 3, 2015, 9:30 a.m.

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  • Nov. 3, 2016, 7:38 p.m.

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Jardine, Philip M.; Ainsworth, Calvin C. & Fendorf, Scott. Fate and Transport of Radionuclides Beneath the Hanford Tank Farms: Unraveling Coupled Geochemical and Hydrological Processes in the Vadose Zone, report, June 1, 2002; Oak Ridge, Tennessee. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc778979/: accessed August 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.