Technetium Attenuation in the Vadose Zone: Role of Mineral Interactions

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In the subsurface environment, the pertechnetate ion, Tc{sup VII}O{sub 4}{sup -}, forms only weak surface complexes with hydroxylated surface sites on clays and Al and Fe{sup III} oxides, and consequently, is weakly sorbed by most sediments and subsurface materials. Thus, adsorption of Tc{sup VII} onto these surfaces is not a viable mechanism for the attenuation of Tc in unsaturated subsurface environments or the vadose zone. Only the reduction of Tc{sup VII} to Tc{sup IV}, which results in the precipitation of low-solubility solids, will result in retention of Tc in the vadose zone. Possible reduction mechanisms are (1) homogeneous reduction, (2) ... continued below

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Hess, Nancy J.; Conradson, Steven D.; McKinley, James P.; Rai, Dhanpat; Wildung, Raymond E. & Krupka, Kenneth M. June 1, 2001.

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In the subsurface environment, the pertechnetate ion, Tc{sup VII}O{sub 4}{sup -}, forms only weak surface complexes with hydroxylated surface sites on clays and Al and Fe{sup III} oxides, and consequently, is weakly sorbed by most sediments and subsurface materials. Thus, adsorption of Tc{sup VII} onto these surfaces is not a viable mechanism for the attenuation of Tc in unsaturated subsurface environments or the vadose zone. Only the reduction of Tc{sup VII} to Tc{sup IV}, which results in the precipitation of low-solubility solids, will result in retention of Tc in the vadose zone. Possible reduction mechanisms are (1) homogeneous reduction, (2) microbial reduction, and (3) heterogeneous reduction on mineral surfaces. The redox conditions in the vadose zone in the western United States are likely too oxidizing for homogeneous reduction of Tc{sup VII} or to support a viable, widely distributed population of Fe-reducing organisms that can reduce Tc directly or indirectly. Thus, the purpose of this research is the investigation of heterogeneous reduction of Tc{sup VII} on Fe{sup II}-containing mineral surfaces and the stability of the resulting precipitated Tc solids.

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  • Other Information: PBD: 1 Jun 2001

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  • Report No.: EMSP-70177--2001
  • DOI: 10.2172/833639 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 833639
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc776934

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  • June 1, 2001

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  • Dec. 3, 2015, 9:30 a.m.

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  • April 21, 2016, 4:12 p.m.

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Hess, Nancy J.; Conradson, Steven D.; McKinley, James P.; Rai, Dhanpat; Wildung, Raymond E. & Krupka, Kenneth M. Technetium Attenuation in the Vadose Zone: Role of Mineral Interactions, report, June 1, 2001; Los Alamos, New Mexico. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc776934/: accessed August 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.