Chronicles in Preservation Project Page: 604
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Chronicles in Preservation Project
University of North Texas
1155 Union Circle #305190
Denton, TX, 76203
The Educopia Institute, with the San Diego Supercomputer Center
and the libraries of University of North Texas, Penn State,
Virginia Tech, University of Utah, Georgia Tech, Boston College,
and Clemson University, have received $300,000 from the
National Endowment for the Humanities to study, document, and
model the use of data preparation and distributed digital
preservation frameworks to collaboratively preserve digitized and
born-digital newspaper collections.
Categories and Subject Descriptors
H.2.0 [Database Management]: General - Security, integrity,
Management, Documentation, Security, Verification.
Preservation of Digital Newspapers
U.S. libraries and archives have been digitizing newspapers since
the mid-1990s using a highly diverse and ever-evolving set of
encoding practices, metadata schemas, formats, and file
structures. Increasingly, they are also acquiring born-digital
newspapers in an array of non-standardized formats, including
websites, production masters, and e-prints. This content genre is
of great value to humanities scholars and researchers, and it is in
critical need of preservation attention. The diversity of file types,
formats, metadata, and structures that constitute this genre raises
two major concerns: How can curators ready these collections for
preservation? How may they conduct efficient repository-to-
repository transfers from their local systems into distributed
2. PROJECT AIMS
The foundation for addressing the first of these issues is provided
by the NEH- and Library of Congress sponsored National Digital
Newspaper Program's (NDNP) recommendations for digitizing
newspaper content.  The NDNP has developed preservation-
oriented standards for current newspaper digitization practices.
Copyright is held by the author/owner(s).
iConference 2012, February 7-10 2012, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
1230 Peachtree Street, Suite 1900
Atlanta, Georgia 30309
This project will explore how these standards may be applied to
and elaborated upon to foster the preservation readiness of
collections from the last two decades that were digitized
according to evolving standards, as well as the born digital
content that institutions are steadily acquiring.
Once curators successfully prepare their collections for
preservation, how can they effectively exchange it across
repository systems? This project will study and document for
newspaper preservation the use of distributed digital preservation
(DDP), a collaborative approach in which content is exchanged
and replicated across multiple sites, and actively monitored using
various network-driven technologies.
3. RESEARCH QUESTIONS
These issues are being investigated through the following research
A. How can curators effectively and efficiently prepare their
existing digitized and born-digital newspaper collections for
preservation? We will study and document guidelines and
available tools for the evaluation and preparation of a diverse set
of digitized and born-digital newspaper collections for
preservation. We will analyze the costs and benefits of data
preparation and study how best to lower the obstacles to
preservation that are presented by this often-expensive process.
B. How can curators ingest preservation-ready newspaper content
into existing DDP solutions? The project team will study existing
mechanisms for repository exchange. We will build open source
software bridges to facilitate the export of newspaper collections
from partners' local repository systems (including Olive,
CONTENTdm, DigiTool, and DSpace) and their ingest into DDP
frameworks (iRODS, LOCKSS, CDL microservices).
C. What are the strengths and challenges of three leading DDP
solutions when used to preserve digital newspaper content? The
project team will conduct a comparative analysis across three
U.S.-based DDP environments (Chronopolis-iRODS,
MetaArchive-LOCKSS, UNT's CDL microservicesbased CODA)
to document the strengths and challenges curators face when
using them to ingest and preserve this content genre.
This research will result in guidelines for preparing digital
newspaper collections for preservation, interoperability tools to
facilitate the exchange of these newspaper collections between
repositories, and a comparative analysis of the strengths and
challenges of three distinct DDP frameworks when they are used
for the preservation of digital newspaper content. In so doing, it
will facilitate the long-term sustainability of this essential content
genre for tomorrow's humanities scholars and researchers.
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Halbert, Martin & Skinner, Katherine. Chronicles in Preservation Project, paper, February 2012; [New York, New York]. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc77195/m1/1/: accessed October 16, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .