Amygdala involvement in human avoidance, escape and approach behavior Metadata
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- Main Title Amygdala involvement in human avoidance, escape and approach behavior
Author: Schlund, Michael W.Creator Type: PersonalCreator Info: University of North Texas; Kennedy Krieger Institute (Baltimore, Md.), Johns Hopkins University
Author: Cataldo, Michael F.Creator Type: PersonalCreator Info: Kennedy Krieger Institute (Baltimore, Md.), Johns Hopkins University
Name: Elsevier Science Ltd.Place of Publication: [Amsterdam, Netherlands]
- Creation: 2010-11-01
- Content Description: Article on amygdala involvement in human avoidance, escape and approach behavior. The authors examine amygdala reactivity to threatening cues when avoidance responding consistently prevented contact with an upcoming aversive event (money loss).
- Physical Description: 16 p.
- Keyword: approaches
- Keyword: avoidance
- Keyword: escapes
- Keyword: amydala
- Keyword: rewards
- Keyword: anxiety
- Journal: Neuroimage, 2010, Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Ltd., pp. 769-776
- Publication Title: Neuroimage
- Volume: 53
- Issue: 2
- Page Start: 769
- Page End: 776
- Peer Reviewed: True
Name: UNT Scholarly WorksCode: UNTSW
Name: UNT College of Public Affairs and Community ServiceCode: UNTCPA
- Rights Access: public
- DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2010.06.058
- Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc77178
- Academic Department: Behavior Analysis
- Display Note: Reprinted from Neuroimage, 53/2, Michael W. Schlund, Michael F. Cataldo, Amygdala involvement in human avoidance, escape and approach behavior, pp. 769-776, 2010, with permission from Elsevier Science Ltd. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S105381191000916X
- Display Note: Abstract: Many forms of psychopathology and substance abuse problems are characterized by chronic ritualized forms of avoidance and escape behavior that are designed to control or modify external or internal (i.e., thoughts, emotions, bodily sensations) threats. In this functional magnetic resonance imaging investigation, the authors examined amygdala reactivity to threatening cues when avoidance responding consistently prevented contact with an upcoming aversive event (money loss). In addition, the authors examined escape responding that terminated immediate escalating money loss and approach responding that produced a future money gain. Results showed cues prompting avoidance, escape and approach behavior recruited a similar fronto-striatal-parietal network. Within the amygdala, bilateral activation was observed to threatening avoidance and escape cues, even though money loss was consistently avoided, as well as to the reward cue. The magnitude of amygdala responses within-subjects was relatively similar to avoidance, escape and approach cues, but considerable between-subject differences were found. The heightened amygdala response to avoidance and escape cues observed within a subset of subjects suggests threat related responses can be maintained even when aversive events are consistently avoided, which may account for the persistence of avoiding-coping in various clinical disorders. Further assessment of the relation between amygdala reactivity and avoidance-escape behavior may prove useful in identifying individuals with or at risk for neuropsychiatric disorders.