Activation of Carbon-Hydrogen Bonds via 1,2-Addition across M-X (X = OH or NH2) Bonds of d6 Transition Metals as a Potential Key Step in Hydrocarbon Functionalization: A Computational Study Metadata

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Title

  • Main Title Activation of Carbon-Hydrogen Bonds via 1,2-Addition across M-X (X = OH or NH2) Bonds of d6 Transition Metals as a Potential Key Step in Hydrocarbon Functionalization: A Computational Study

Creator

  • Author: Cundari, Thomas R., 1964-
    Creator Type: Personal
    Creator Info: University of North Texas
  • Author: Grimes, Thomas V.
    Creator Type: Personal
    Creator Info: University of North Texas
  • Author: Gunnoe, T. Brent
    Creator Type: Personal
    Creator Info: North Carolina State University

Publisher

  • Name: American Chemical Society
    Place of Publication: [Washington, DC]

Date

  • Creation: 2007-10-06

Language

  • English

Description

  • Content Description: Article discussing a computational study on the activation of carbon-hydrogen bonds via 1,2-addition across M-X (X = OH or NH2) bonds of d6 transition metals as a potential key step in hydrocarbon functionalization.
  • Physical Description: 11 p.

Subject

  • Keyword: activating electrophiles
  • Keyword: benzene
  • Keyword: C-H bonds
  • Keyword: catalytic functionalization cycles
  • Keyword: ligand X
  • Keyword: transition metal complexes

Source

  • Journal: Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2007, Washington DC: American Chemical Society, pp. 13172-13182

Citation

  • Publication Title: Journal of the American Chemical Society
  • Volume: 129
  • Page Start: 13172
  • Page End: 13182
  • Pages: 11
  • Peer Reviewed: True

Collection

  • Name: UNT Scholarly Works
    Code: UNTSW

Institution

  • Name: UNT College of Arts and Sciences
    Code: UNTCAS

Rights

  • Rights Access: public

Resource Type

  • Article

Format

  • Text

Identifier

  • DOI: 10.1021/ja074125g
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc77141

Degree

  • Academic Department: Chemistry
  • Academic Department: Center for Advanced Scientific Computing and Modeling

Note

  • Display Note: Reprinted with permission from the Journal of the American Chemical Society. Copyright 2007 American Chemical Society.
  • Display Note: Abstract: Recent reports of 1,2-addition of C-H bonds across Ru-X(X = amido, hydroxo) bonds of TpRu-(PMe₃)X fragments {Tp = hydridotris(pyrazolyl)borate} suggest opportunities for the development of new catalytic cycles for hydrocarbon functionalization. In order to enhance understanding of these transformations, computational examinations of the efficacy of model d6 transition metal complexes of the form [(Tab)M-(PH3)2X]q (Tab = tris-azo-borate; X = OH, NH2; q = -1 to +2; M = Tc(I), Re(I), Ru(II), Co(III), Ir(III), Ni(IV) Pt(IV) for the activation of benzene C-H bonds, as well as the potential for their incorporation into catalytic functionalization cycles, are presented. For the benzene C-H activation reaction steps, kite-shaped transition states were located and found to have relatively little metal-hydrogen interaction. The C-H activation process is best described as a metal-mediated proton transfer in which the metal center and ligand X function as an activating electrophile and intramolecular base, respectively. While the metal plays a primary role in controlling the kinetics and thermodynamics of the reaction coordinate for C-H activation/functionalization, the ligand X also influences the energetics. On the basis of three thermodynamic criteria characterizing salient energetic aspects of the proposed catalytic cycle and the detailed computational studies reported herein, late transition metal complexes (e.g., Pt, Co, etc.) in the d6 electron configuration {especially the TabCo(PH3)2(OH)+ complex and related Co(III) systems} are predicted to be the most promising for further catalyst investigation.