Activation of Carbon-Hydrogen Bonds via 1,2-Addition across M-X (X = OH or NH2) Bonds of d6 Transition Metals as a Potential Key Step in Hydrocarbon Functionalization: A Computational Study

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Article discussing a computational study on the activation of carbon-hydrogen bonds via 1,2-addition across M-X (X = OH or NH2) bonds of d6 transition metals as a potential key step in hydrocarbon functionalization.

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11 p.

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Cundari, Thomas R., 1964-; Grimes, Thomas V. & Gunnoe, T. Brent October 6, 2007.

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Article discussing a computational study on the activation of carbon-hydrogen bonds via 1,2-addition across M-X (X = OH or NH2) bonds of d6 transition metals as a potential key step in hydrocarbon functionalization.

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11 p.

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Reprinted with permission from the Journal of the American Chemical Society. Copyright 2007 American Chemical Society.

Abstract: Recent reports of 1,2-addition of C-H bonds across Ru-X(X = amido, hydroxo) bonds of TpRu-(PMe₃)X fragments {Tp = hydridotris(pyrazolyl)borate} suggest opportunities for the development of new catalytic cycles for hydrocarbon functionalization. In order to enhance understanding of these transformations, computational examinations of the efficacy of model d6 transition metal complexes of the form [(Tab)M-(PH3)2X]q (Tab = tris-azo-borate; X = OH, NH2; q = -1 to +2; M = Tc(I), Re(I), Ru(II), Co(III), Ir(III), Ni(IV) Pt(IV) for the activation of benzene C-H bonds, as well as the potential for their incorporation into catalytic functionalization cycles, are presented. For the benzene C-H activation reaction steps, kite-shaped transition states were located and found to have relatively little metal-hydrogen interaction. The C-H activation process is best described as a metal-mediated proton transfer in which the metal center and ligand X function as an activating electrophile and intramolecular base, respectively. While the metal plays a primary role in controlling the kinetics and thermodynamics of the reaction coordinate for C-H activation/functionalization, the ligand X also influences the energetics. On the basis of three thermodynamic criteria characterizing salient energetic aspects of the proposed catalytic cycle and the detailed computational studies reported herein, late transition metal complexes (e.g., Pt, Co, etc.) in the d6 electron configuration {especially the TabCo(PH3)2(OH)+ complex and related Co(III) systems} are predicted to be the most promising for further catalyst investigation.

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  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2007, Washington DC: American Chemical Society, pp. 13172-13182

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  • Publication Title: Journal of the American Chemical Society
  • Volume: 129
  • Page Start: 13172
  • Page End: 13182
  • Pages: 11
  • Peer Reviewed: Yes

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The Scholarly Works Collection is home to materials from the University of North Texas community's research, creative, and scholarly activities and serves as UNT's Open Access Repository. It brings together articles, papers, artwork, music, research data, reports, presentations, and other scholarly and creative products representing the expertise in our university community. Access to some items in this collection may be restricted.

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  • October 6, 2007

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  • March 2, 2012, 11:47 a.m.

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  • May 12, 2014, 11:28 a.m.

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Cundari, Thomas R., 1964-; Grimes, Thomas V. & Gunnoe, T. Brent. Activation of Carbon-Hydrogen Bonds via 1,2-Addition across M-X (X = OH or NH2) Bonds of d6 Transition Metals as a Potential Key Step in Hydrocarbon Functionalization: A Computational Study, article, October 6, 2007; [Washington, DC]. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc77141/: accessed April 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT College of Arts and Sciences.