Low Temperature and High Pressure Evaluation of Insulated Pressure Vessels for Cryogenic Hydrogen Storage

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Insulated pressure vessels are cryogenic-capable pressure vessels that can be fueled with liquid hydrogen (LH{sub 2}) or ambient-temperature compressed hydrogen (CH{sub 2}). Insulated pressure vessels offer the advantages of liquid hydrogen tanks (low weight and volume), with reduced disadvantages (fuel flexibility, lower energy requirement for hydrogen liquefaction and reduced evaporative losses). The work described here is directed at verifying that commercially available pressure vessels can be safely used to store liquid hydrogen. The use of commercially available pressure vessels significantly reduces the cost and complexity of the insulated pressure vessel development effort. This paper describes a series of tests that ... continued below

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725 Kilobytes pages

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Aceves, S.; Martinez-Frias, J. & Garcia-Villazana, O. June 25, 2000.

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Insulated pressure vessels are cryogenic-capable pressure vessels that can be fueled with liquid hydrogen (LH{sub 2}) or ambient-temperature compressed hydrogen (CH{sub 2}). Insulated pressure vessels offer the advantages of liquid hydrogen tanks (low weight and volume), with reduced disadvantages (fuel flexibility, lower energy requirement for hydrogen liquefaction and reduced evaporative losses). The work described here is directed at verifying that commercially available pressure vessels can be safely used to store liquid hydrogen. The use of commercially available pressure vessels significantly reduces the cost and complexity of the insulated pressure vessel development effort. This paper describes a series of tests that have been done with aluminum-lined, fiber-wrapped vessels to evaluate the damage caused by low temperature operation. All analysis and experiments to date indicate that no significant damage has resulted. Required future tests are described that will prove that no technical barriers exist to the safe use of aluminum-fiber vessels at cryogenic temperatures.

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725 Kilobytes pages

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  • DOE Hydrogen Program Review Meeting, San Ramon, CA (US), 05/09/2000--05/11/2000

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  • Report No.: UCRL-JC-139427
  • Grant Number: W-7405-Eng-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 791376
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc742525

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

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  • June 25, 2000

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  • Oct. 19, 2015, 7:39 p.m.

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  • May 6, 2016, 1:36 p.m.

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Aceves, S.; Martinez-Frias, J. & Garcia-Villazana, O. Low Temperature and High Pressure Evaluation of Insulated Pressure Vessels for Cryogenic Hydrogen Storage, article, June 25, 2000; California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc742525/: accessed September 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.