A Sensitivity Study of the Urban Effect on a Regional-Scale Model: An Idealized Case

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Urban infrastructure impacts the surface and atmospheric properties, such as wind, temperature, turbulence and radiation budgets. The well-recognized urban heat island phenomenon, characterized by the temperature contrast between the city and the surrounding rural area, is one such impact. Many field experiments have been conducted to study the urban heat island effect, which is typically most intense under clear sky and weak ambient wind conditions at night. In some cases, a cool island may even exist during the day. To consider these urban effects in a numerical model with horizontal grid resolution on the order of kilometers, some sort of ... continued below

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378 Kilobytes pages

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Chin, H. N. S.; Leach, M. J. & Brown, M. J. May 30, 2000.

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Urban infrastructure impacts the surface and atmospheric properties, such as wind, temperature, turbulence and radiation budgets. The well-recognized urban heat island phenomenon, characterized by the temperature contrast between the city and the surrounding rural area, is one such impact. Many field experiments have been conducted to study the urban heat island effect, which is typically most intense under clear sky and weak ambient wind conditions at night. In some cases, a cool island may even exist during the day. To consider these urban effects in a numerical model with horizontal grid resolution on the order of kilometers, some sort of parameterization is required to account for the sub-grid building impacts on these effects. To this end, Brown and Williams (1998) have developed an urban parameterization by extending Yamada's (1982) forest canopy scheme to include drag, turbulent production, anthropogenic and rooftop heating effects, and radiation balance in a mesoscale model. In this study, we further modify this urban parameterization by adding the rooftop surface energy equation to eliminate a simplifying assumption that the rooftop is at the same temperature as the air. The objective of this work is to assess the impact of individual process of this modified urban canopy parameterization for the urban heat island phenomenon.

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378 Kilobytes pages

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  • 3rd Symposium on the Urban Environment, Davis, CA (US), 08/14/2000--08/18/2000

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  • Report No.: UCRL-JC-139167
  • Grant Number: W-7405-Eng-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 791718
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc741661

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  • May 30, 2000

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  • Oct. 19, 2015, 7:39 p.m.

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  • May 6, 2016, 4:06 p.m.

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Chin, H. N. S.; Leach, M. J. & Brown, M. J. A Sensitivity Study of the Urban Effect on a Regional-Scale Model: An Idealized Case, article, May 30, 2000; California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc741661/: accessed December 10, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.