The sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR).

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The primary mission for the SFR is the management of high-level wastes, and in particular, management of plutonium and other actinides. The Generation IV Roadmap Fuel Cycle Crosscut Group (FCCG) found that the limiting factor facing an essential role for nuclear energy with the once-through cycle is the availability of repository space worldwide [FCCG Report]. This becomes an important issue, requiring new repository development in only a few decades. Systems that employ a fully closed fuel cycle hold the promise to reduce repository space and performance requirements, although their costs must be held to acceptable levels. Closed fuel cycles, working ... continued below

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Lineberry, M. J. & Allen, T. R. October 25, 2002.

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The primary mission for the SFR is the management of high-level wastes, and in particular, management of plutonium and other actinides. The Generation IV Roadmap Fuel Cycle Crosscut Group (FCCG) found that the limiting factor facing an essential role for nuclear energy with the once-through cycle is the availability of repository space worldwide [FCCG Report]. This becomes an important issue, requiring new repository development in only a few decades. Systems that employ a fully closed fuel cycle hold the promise to reduce repository space and performance requirements, although their costs must be held to acceptable levels. Closed fuel cycles, working alone or symbiotically with systems using a once-through cycle, permit partitioning the nuclear waste and management of each partitioned fraction. In the longer term, beyond 50 years, or if major new missions requiring nuclear energy production (such as a major growth in the use of hydrogen as an energy carrier) develop, uranium resource availability also becomes a limiting factor unless breakthroughs occur in mining or extraction technologies. Fast spectrum reactors have the ability to utilize almost all of the energy in the natural uranium versus the 1% utilized in thermal spectrum systems.

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  • Americas Nuclear Energy Symposium (ANES-2002), Miami, FL (US), 10/16/2002--10/18/2002

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  • Report No.: ANL/NT/CP-108933
  • Grant Number: W-31-109-ENG-38
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 803901
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc741479

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  • October 25, 2002

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  • Oct. 19, 2015, 7:39 p.m.

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  • March 23, 2016, 6:02 p.m.

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Lineberry, M. J. & Allen, T. R. The sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR)., article, October 25, 2002; Illinois. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc741479/: accessed September 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.