Assessment of health benefits from controlling air pollution in Shanghai, China.

PDF Version Also Available for Download.

Description

The large urban centers of the industrializing countries of the world are experiencing severe air quality problems as their demands for energy increase faster than their ability to afford strong environmental protection. This situation is particularly true in the fast-growing part of Asia, where coal often provides the fuel for power generation and industrial development and where the transportation sector grows unchecked. This paper describes the development of an integrated assessment of urban air quality and mitigation options for the city of Shanghai, China. First, a sector-specific, gridded inventory of emissions of SO{sub 2}, NO{sub x}, and particulate matter (PM) ... continued below

Physical Description

vp.

Creation Information

Chang, Y.-S.; Streets, D. G.; Tsao, C. L.; Li, J.; Guttikunda, S. & Carmichael, G. R. June 18, 2002.

Context

This article is part of the collection entitled: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports and was provided by UNT Libraries Government Documents Department to Digital Library, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. It has been viewed 11 times . More information about this article can be viewed below.

Who

People and organizations associated with either the creation of this article or its content.

Sponsor

Publisher

Provided By

UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Serving as both a federal and a state depository library, the UNT Libraries Government Documents Department maintains millions of items in a variety of formats. The department is a member of the FDLP Content Partnerships Program and an Affiliated Archive of the National Archives.

Contact Us

What

Descriptive information to help identify this article. Follow the links below to find similar items on the Digital Library.

Description

The large urban centers of the industrializing countries of the world are experiencing severe air quality problems as their demands for energy increase faster than their ability to afford strong environmental protection. This situation is particularly true in the fast-growing part of Asia, where coal often provides the fuel for power generation and industrial development and where the transportation sector grows unchecked. This paper describes the development of an integrated assessment of urban air quality and mitigation options for the city of Shanghai, China. First, a sector-specific, gridded inventory of emissions of SO{sub 2}, NO{sub x}, and particulate matter (PM) is developed. PM is divided into three size categories (TSP, PM{sub 10}, and PM{sub 2.5}) and split into carbonaceous and mineral classes. The URBAT model, a non-steady-state Lagrangian puff model, and related techniques are used to determine the spatial distribution of ambient concentrations of primary and secondary pollutant species. Damage functions are developed to determine the effects of these levels on human health in the greater Shanghai area. Two control scenarios are developed (for power generation and industry), and their effects on emissions of each species are estimated. The health benefits of the control measures are determined, and their relative costs are calculated. The result is a rudimentary cost-benefit analysis that can be used by urban and environmental planners as a guide for determining the relative effectiveness of taking different courses of action.

Physical Description

vp.

Source

  • The World Congress of Korean and Korean Ethnic Scientists and Engineers 2002, Seoul (KR), 07/08/2002--07/13/2002

Language

Item Type

Identifier

Unique identifying numbers for this article in the Digital Library or other systems.

  • Report No.: ANL/EA/CP-108013
  • Grant Number: W-31-109-ENG-38
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 797924
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc741343

Collections

This article is part of the following collection of related materials.

Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

What responsibilities do I have when using this article?

When

Dates and time periods associated with this article.

Creation Date

  • June 18, 2002

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Oct. 19, 2015, 7:39 p.m.

Description Last Updated

  • March 29, 2016, 4:02 p.m.

Usage Statistics

When was this article last used?

Yesterday: 0
Past 30 days: 0
Total Uses: 11

Interact With This Article

Here are some suggestions for what to do next.

Start Reading

PDF Version Also Available for Download.

Citations, Rights, Re-Use

Chang, Y.-S.; Streets, D. G.; Tsao, C. L.; Li, J.; Guttikunda, S. & Carmichael, G. R. Assessment of health benefits from controlling air pollution in Shanghai, China., article, June 18, 2002; Illinois. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc741343/: accessed September 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.