PHASE CHANGE MATERIALS IN FLOOR TILES FOR THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE

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Description

Passive solar systems integrated into residential structures significantly reduce heating energy consumption. Taking advantage of latent heat storage has further increased energy savings. This is accomplished by the incorporation of phase change materials into building materials used in passive applications. Trombe walls, ceilings and floors can all be enhanced with phase change materials. Increasing the thermal storage of floor tile by the addition of encapsulated paraffin wax is the proposed topic of research. Latent heat storage of a phase change material (PCM) is obtained during a change in phase. Typical materials use the latent heat released when the material changes ... continued below

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42 pages

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Hittle, Douglas C. October 1, 2002.

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Description

Passive solar systems integrated into residential structures significantly reduce heating energy consumption. Taking advantage of latent heat storage has further increased energy savings. This is accomplished by the incorporation of phase change materials into building materials used in passive applications. Trombe walls, ceilings and floors can all be enhanced with phase change materials. Increasing the thermal storage of floor tile by the addition of encapsulated paraffin wax is the proposed topic of research. Latent heat storage of a phase change material (PCM) is obtained during a change in phase. Typical materials use the latent heat released when the material changes from a liquid to a solid. Paraffin wax and salt hydrates are examples of such materials. Other PCMs that have been recently investigated undergo a phase transition from one solid form to another. During this process they will release heat. These are known as solid-state phase change materials. All have large latent heats, which makes them ideal for passive solar applications. Easy incorporation into various building materials is must for these materials. This proposal will address the advantages and disadvantages of using these materials in floor tile. Prototype tile will be made from a mixture of quartz, binder and phase change material. The thermal and structural properties of the prototype tiles will be tested fully. It is expected that with the addition of the phase change material the structural properties will be compromised to some extent. The ratio of phase change material in the tile will have to be varied to determine the best mixture to provide significant thermal storage, while maintaining structural properties that meet the industry standards for floor tile.

Physical Description

42 pages

Notes

OSTI as DE00820428

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  • Other Information: PBD: 1 Oct 2002

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  • Report No.: NONE
  • Grant Number: FC26-00NT40999
  • DOI: 10.2172/820428 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 820428
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc740404

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  • October 1, 2002

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  • Oct. 18, 2015, 6:40 p.m.

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  • Jan. 3, 2017, 1:08 p.m.

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Hittle, Douglas C. PHASE CHANGE MATERIALS IN FLOOR TILES FOR THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE, report, October 1, 2002; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc740404/: accessed August 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.