LARGE-SCALE PRODUCTION OF HYDROGEN BY NUCLEAR ENERGY FOR THE HYDROGEN ECONOMY

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OAK B202 LARGE-SCALE PRODUCTION OF HYDROGEN BY NUCLEAR ENERGY FOR THE HYDROGEN ECONOMY. The ''Hydrogen Economy'' will reduce petroleum imports and greenhouse gas emissions. However, current commercial hydrogen production processes use fossil fuels and releases carbon dioxide. Hydrogen produced from nuclear energy could avoid these concerns. The authors have recently completed a three-year project for the US Department of Energy whose objective was to ''define an economically feasible concept for production of hydrogen, by nuclear means, using an advanced high-temperature nuclear reactor as the energy source''. Thermochemical water-splitting, a chemical process that accomplishes the decomposition of water into hydrogen and ... continued below

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17 pages

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SCHULTZ,KR; BROWN,LC; BESENBRUCH,GE & HAMILTON,CJ February 1, 2003.

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Description

OAK B202 LARGE-SCALE PRODUCTION OF HYDROGEN BY NUCLEAR ENERGY FOR THE HYDROGEN ECONOMY. The ''Hydrogen Economy'' will reduce petroleum imports and greenhouse gas emissions. However, current commercial hydrogen production processes use fossil fuels and releases carbon dioxide. Hydrogen produced from nuclear energy could avoid these concerns. The authors have recently completed a three-year project for the US Department of Energy whose objective was to ''define an economically feasible concept for production of hydrogen, by nuclear means, using an advanced high-temperature nuclear reactor as the energy source''. Thermochemical water-splitting, a chemical process that accomplishes the decomposition of water into hydrogen and oxygen, met this objective. The goal of the first phase of this study was to evaluate thermochemical processes which offer the potential for efficient, cost-effective, large-scale production of hydrogen and to select one for further detailed consideration. The authors selected the Sulfur-Iodine cycle, In the second phase, they reviewed all the basic reactor types for suitability to provide the high temperature heat needed by the selected thermochemical water splitting cycle and chose the helium gas-cooled reactor. In the third phase they designed the chemical flowsheet for the thermochemical process and estimated the efficiency and cost of the process and the projected cost of producing hydrogen. These results are summarized in this paper.

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17 pages

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INIS; OSTI as DE00814028

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  • THIS IS A PREPRINT OF A PAPER TO BE PRESENTED AT THE NATIONAL HYDROGEN ASSOCIATION ANNUAL CONFERENCE APRIL 6-9, 2002, IN WASHINTON, DC, AND TO BE PUBLISHED IN THE PROCEEDINGS.; Other Information: THIS IS A PREPRINT OF A PAPER TO BE PRESENTED AT THE NATIONAL HYDROGEN ASSOCIATION ANNUAL CONFERENCE, WASHINGTON, DC (US), 04/06/2002--04/09/2002

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  • Report No.: NONE
  • Grant Number: FG03-99SF21888
  • DOI: 10.2172/814028 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 814028
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc739749

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  • February 1, 2003

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Oct. 18, 2015, 6:40 p.m.

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  • Jan. 3, 2017, 6:56 p.m.

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SCHULTZ,KR; BROWN,LC; BESENBRUCH,GE & HAMILTON,CJ. LARGE-SCALE PRODUCTION OF HYDROGEN BY NUCLEAR ENERGY FOR THE HYDROGEN ECONOMY, report, February 1, 2003; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc739749/: accessed October 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.