Superconducting magnets, cryostats, and cryogenics for the interaction region of the SSC

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The Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) has two counterrotating 20-TeV proton beams that will be made to collide at specific interaction points to carry out high energy physics experiments. The Collider ring has two sites, West and East, for such Interaction Regions (IRs), and the conceptual design of the East Interaction Region is underway. The East IR, in the present stage of design, has two interaction points, the requirements for which have been specified in terms of distance L* to the nearest magnet and the beam luminosity. Based on these requirements, the optics for transition from arc regions or utility regions ... continued below

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11 p.

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Jayakumar, R.J.; Abramovich, S. & Zhmad, A. October 1, 1993.

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Description

The Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) has two counterrotating 20-TeV proton beams that will be made to collide at specific interaction points to carry out high energy physics experiments. The Collider ring has two sites, West and East, for such Interaction Regions (IRs), and the conceptual design of the East Interaction Region is underway. The East IR, in the present stage of design, has two interaction points, the requirements for which have been specified in terms of distance L* to the nearest magnet and the beam luminosity. Based on these requirements, the optics for transition from arc regions or utility regions to the IR and for focusing the beams have been obtained. The optical arrangement consists of a tuning section of quadrupoles, the strength of which is adjusted to obtain the required beta squeeze; a pair of bending dipoles to reduce the beam separation from the nominal 900 mm to 450 mm; an achromat section of quadrupoles, which consist of two cold masses in one cryostat; another pair of dipoles to bring the beams together at the required crossing angle; and a set of final focus quads facing the interaction point. The optics is symmetric about the interaction point, and the two interaction points are separated by a hinge region consisting of superconducting dipoles and quadrupoles similar to the arc region. In the regions where the beams are vertically bent and straightened out by dipoles, the beam traverses warm regions provided for placing beam collimators. The superconducting magnets, including the final focus quadrupoles, operate with supercritical He at 4 atm and a nominal temperature of 4.15 K. In this paper, descriptions of the magnets, the cryostats, and cryo bypasses around the warm region and interaction points are provided. Also discussed are the cooling requirements and design for the final focus quadrupole, which receives significant heat load from beam radiation.

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11 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE95011216

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  • Other Information: PBD: Oct 1993

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  • Other: DE95011216
  • Report No.: SSCL-Preprint--521
  • Grant Number: AC35-89ER40486
  • DOI: 10.2172/79706 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 79706
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc739387

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  • October 1, 1993

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  • Oct. 19, 2015, 7:39 p.m.

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  • April 29, 2016, 6:08 p.m.

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Jayakumar, R.J.; Abramovich, S. & Zhmad, A. Superconducting magnets, cryostats, and cryogenics for the interaction region of the SSC, report, October 1, 1993; Dallas, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc739387/: accessed November 16, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.