Chamber wall response to target implosion in inertial fusion reactors : new and critical assessments.

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The chamber walls in inertial fusion energy (IFE) reactors are exposed to harsh conditions following each target implosion. Key issues of the cyclic IFE operation include intense photon and ion deposition, wall thermal and hydrodynamic evolution, wall erosion and fatigue lifetime, and chamber clearing and evacuation to ensure desirable conditions prior to target implosion. Several methods for wall protection have been proposed in the past, each having its own advantages and disadvantages. These methods include use of solid bare walls, gas-filled cavities, and liquid walls/jets. Detailed models have been developed for reflected laser light, emitted photons, and target debris deposition ... continued below

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Hassanein, A. & Morozov, V. August 5, 2002.

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The chamber walls in inertial fusion energy (IFE) reactors are exposed to harsh conditions following each target implosion. Key issues of the cyclic IFE operation include intense photon and ion deposition, wall thermal and hydrodynamic evolution, wall erosion and fatigue lifetime, and chamber clearing and evacuation to ensure desirable conditions prior to target implosion. Several methods for wall protection have been proposed in the past, each having its own advantages and disadvantages. These methods include use of solid bare walls, gas-filled cavities, and liquid walls/jets. Detailed models have been developed for reflected laser light, emitted photons, and target debris deposition and interaction with chamber components and have been implemented in the comprehensive HEIGHTS software package. The hydrodynamic response of gas filled cavities and photon radiation transport of the deposited energy has been calculated by means of new and advanced numerical techniques. Fragmentation models of liquid jets as a result of the deposited energy have also been developed, and the impact on chamber clearing dynamics has been evaluated. The focus of this study is to critically assess the reliability and the dynamic response of chamber walls in various proposed protection methods for IFE systems. Of particular concern is the effect on wall erosion lifetime of various erosion mechanisms, such as vaporization, chemical and physical sputtering, melt/liquid splashing and explosive erosion, and fragmentation of liquid walls.

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  • 6th International Symposium on Fusion Nuclear Technology (ISFNT-6), San Diego, CA (US), 04/07/2002--04/12/2002

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  • Report No.: ANL/ET/CP-108382
  • Grant Number: W-31-109-ENG-38
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 799786
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc738586

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  • August 5, 2002

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  • Oct. 19, 2015, 7:39 p.m.

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  • March 24, 2016, 6:01 p.m.

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Hassanein, A. & Morozov, V. Chamber wall response to target implosion in inertial fusion reactors : new and critical assessments., article, August 5, 2002; Illinois. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc738586/: accessed September 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.