RELATIVISTIC HEAVY ION COLLIDER STATUS AND PROSPECTS. Page: 1 of 4
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36th Annual Winter School on Nuclear & Particle Physics,
St. Petersburg, Russia, 2/25-3/3/02.
Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider Status and Prospects*
Derek I. Lowenstein
Brookhaven National Laboratory, USA
The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) is the centerpiece of the nuclear physics
program at Brookhaven National Laboratory. The physics program encompasses both
heavy ion physics and spin physics with polarized protons. A series of three accelerators
provide the ions for injection into the two counter-rotating RHIC accelerator-collider
rings. A fourth machine, the proton linac, provides polarized protons to the injector chain.
Figure 1 is a photograph overview of the accelerator complex and Figures 2 and 3 de-
scribe the ion and polarized proton configuration respectively.
RHIC has been designed to accelerate and collide all ion species from protons to ura-
nium. We are presently limited to a mass of gold by the tandem preinjector limitations.
RHIC has accelerated and stored gold ions for data taking from the injection energy of 10
GeV / nucleon to a maximum of 100 GeV / nucleon. Polarized protons have been deliv-
ered at 100 GeV for physics data taking. Most of the design parameters of RHIC have
*Work performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy.
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LOWENSTEIN, D.I. RELATIVISTIC HEAVY ION COLLIDER STATUS AND PROSPECTS., article, February 25, 2002; Upton, New York. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc738424/m1/1/: accessed August 14, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.