Subsurface void detection using seismic tomographic imaging Metadata

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  • Main Title Subsurface void detection using seismic tomographic imaging


  • Author: Gritto, Roland
    Creator Type: Personal


  • Sponsor: U.S. DOE. Director, Office of Science. Basic Energy Sciences Data processing was performed at the Center for Computational Seismology, supported under the same contract. (United States)
    Contributor Type: Organization


  • Name: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
    Place of Publication: Berkeley, California
    Additional Info: Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA (United States)


  • Creation: 2003-06-26


  • English


  • Content Description: Tomographic imaging has been widely used in scientific and medical fields to remotely image media in a nondestructive way. This paper introduces a spectrum of seismic imaging applications to detect and characterize voids in coal mines. The application of seismic waves to detect changes in coal relies on two types of waves: body waves refracted along the interface between coal and bedrock (i.e., refracted P-waves) and channel waves that propagate directly through the coal (dispersive wave trains of the Rayleigh or Love type). For example, a P-wave tomography study to find underlying old mine workings in a coal mine in England, produced velocity patterns that revealed increases in velocity where high stress concentrations occur in the rock, which are most likely connected to old pillars left in support of the old working areas. At the same time, low velocities were found in areas of low stress concentrations, which are related to roof collapses indicating the locations of mined areas below. The application of channel wave tomography to directly image the presence of gaseous CO{sub 2} in a low velocity oil reservoir showed that the injected CO{sub 2} followed an ancient flow channel in the reservoir migrating from the injector to the producer well. The study showed how channel waves are preferable over refracted P-waves, as the latter were only marginally affected by the presence of the gas in the low-velocity channel. Similar approaches show great promise for the detection of voids in coal mines. Finally, a newly developed technique, based on scattering theory, revealed that the location and the size of a subsurface cavity could be accurately determined even in the presence of strong correlated and uncorrelated noise.
  • Physical Description: 9 pages


  • Keyword: Coal Mines
  • STI Subject Categories: 01 Coal, Lignite, And Peat
  • Keyword: P Waves
  • STI Subject Categories: 58 Geosciences
  • Keyword: Coal
  • Keyword: United Kingdom
  • Keyword: Detection
  • Keyword: Seismic Waves
  • Keyword: Velocity
  • Keyword: Tomography
  • Keyword: Scattering


  • Conference: Geophysical Technologies for Detecting Underground Coal Mine Voids, Lexington, KY (US), 07/28/2003--07/30/2003


  • Name: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports
    Code: OSTI


  • Name: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
    Code: UNTGD

Resource Type

  • Article


  • Text


  • Report No.: LBNL--53227
  • Grant Number: AC03-76SF00098
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 813398
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc738282


  • Display Note: OSTI as DE00813398