Neutron Capture Experiments on Unstable Nuclei

PDF Version Also Available for Download.

Description

A primary objective of this project is to study neutron capture cross sections for various stable and unstable isotopes that will contribute to the Science Based Stockpile Stewardship (SBSS) program by providing improved data for modeling and interpretation of nuclear device performance. The information obtained will also be important in astrophysical modeling of nucleosynthesis. During this reporting period, the emphasis has been on preparing a radioactive target of {sup 155}Eu (half-life = 4.7 years), and several stable targets, including isotopically separated {sup 154}Sm, {sup 151}Eu, and {sup 153}Eu. Measurements of their neutron capture cross sections will be conducted in collaboration ... continued below

Physical Description

2.8 MB pages

Creation Information

Schwantes, Jon M.; Sudowe, Ralf; Nitsche, Heino & Hoffman, Darleane C. December 16, 2003.

Context

This report is part of the collection entitled: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports and was provided by UNT Libraries Government Documents Department to Digital Library, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. More information about this report can be viewed below.

Who

People and organizations associated with either the creation of this report or its content.

Provided By

UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Serving as both a federal and a state depository library, the UNT Libraries Government Documents Department maintains millions of items in a variety of formats. The department is a member of the FDLP Content Partnerships Program and an Affiliated Archive of the National Archives.

Contact Us

What

Descriptive information to help identify this report. Follow the links below to find similar items on the Digital Library.

Description

A primary objective of this project is to study neutron capture cross sections for various stable and unstable isotopes that will contribute to the Science Based Stockpile Stewardship (SBSS) program by providing improved data for modeling and interpretation of nuclear device performance. The information obtained will also be important in astrophysical modeling of nucleosynthesis. During this reporting period, the emphasis has been on preparing a radioactive target of {sup 155}Eu (half-life = 4.7 years), and several stable targets, including isotopically separated {sup 154}Sm, {sup 151}Eu, and {sup 153}Eu. Measurements of their neutron capture cross sections will be conducted in collaboration with researchers at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) facility using the Detector for Advanced Neutron Capture Experiments (DANCE). A suitable backing material (beryllium) for the targets has been selected after careful calculations of its contribution to the background of the measurements. In addition, a high voltage plating procedure has been developed and optimized. Stable targets of {sup 151}Eu and {sup 153}Eu and a target of natural Eu ({approx}50% {sup 151}Eu and {approx}50% {sup 153}Eu) have each been plated to a mass thickness of >1 mg/cm{sup 2} and delivered to the DANCE collaboration at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). Natural Eu targets will be tested first to confirm that the target dimensions and backing are appropriate prior to performing measurements on the extremely valuable targets of separated isotopes. In order to prepare a target of the radioactive {sup 155}Eu, it must first be separated from the {sup 154}Sm target material that was irradiated in a very high neutron flux of 1.5x1015 neutrons/cm{sup 2}/s for 50 days. The reaction is {sup 154}Sm (n,f){sup 155}Sm (half-life = 22 minutes) {sup 155}Eu. Considerable progress has been made in developing a suitable high-yield and high-purity separation method for separating Eu from targets containing about twenty times as much Sm. An exhaustive review of the literature indicated that a multiprocess approach in which Eu(III) is reduced to Eu(II) prior to separation should provide an effective and efficient means of separation from the Sm(III). To date, three multiprocess methods have been developed and tested for their ability to meet the design requirements set forth by this project. These methods combine an initial reduction step using Zn(Hg) with either cation exchange resin in (1) column form or in (2) a batch reactor and hydroxyisobutyrate (?-HIB) as the eluant for trivalent lanthanides. Another multiprocess method uses solvent extraction with 0.1 M thenoyl trifluoroacetone (TTA) in benzene. Preliminary experiments indicate that: (a) A multiprocess approach using ?-HIB as a complexing agent for trivalent lanthanides is ineffective for separating Eu from Sm because ?-HIB stabilizes Eu(III) even in the presence of excess amounts of the reductant; (b) A multiprocess approach using solvent extraction shows promise, indicating that 0.1 M TTA in benzene favors extraction of trivalent over divalent metal ions by a factor of greater than 750. However, the reduction step using Zn(Hg), when combined with the TTA extraction, becomes less effective at reducing Eu during subsequent extractions and may also affect the stability of the TTA. Use of the amalgam also introduces Zn(II) contamination that must be separated from the Eu with additional solvent extraction steps. A PhD student from the group has visited the LANSCE facility, participated in several parameter checks of the DANCE, and acquainted himself with the data acquisition system. During these initial experiments, data were collected and brought back to UC Berkeley for analysis. A high purity P-type germanium detector was purchased, set up, and calibrated to assist with the determination of separation yields and efficiencies using ?-ray spectroscopy measurements of suitable radioactive tracers.

Physical Description

2.8 MB pages

Notes

OSTI as DE00820513

Language

Item Type

Identifier

Unique identifying numbers for this report in the Digital Library or other systems.

  • Report No.: DOE/NA/00075-1
  • Grant Number: FG03-03NA00075
  • DOI: 10.2172/820513 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 820513
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc738051

Collections

This report is part of the following collection of related materials.

Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

What responsibilities do I have when using this report?

When

Dates and time periods associated with this report.

Creation Date

  • December 16, 2003

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Oct. 18, 2015, 6:40 p.m.

Description Last Updated

  • May 6, 2016, 1:43 p.m.

Usage Statistics

When was this report last used?

Yesterday: 0
Past 30 days: 0
Total Uses: 1

Interact With This Report

Here are some suggestions for what to do next.

Start Reading

PDF Version Also Available for Download.

Citations, Rights, Re-Use

Schwantes, Jon M.; Sudowe, Ralf; Nitsche, Heino & Hoffman, Darleane C. Neutron Capture Experiments on Unstable Nuclei, report, December 16, 2003; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc738051/: accessed September 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.