RESEARCH ON CARBON PRODUCTS FROM COAL USING AN EXTRACTIVE PROCESS

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This report presents the results of a one-year effort directed at the exploration of the use of coal as a feedstock for a variety of industrially-relevant carbon products. The work was basically divided into three focus areas. The first area dealt with the acquisition of laboratory equipment to aid in the analysis and characterization of both the raw coal and the coal-derived feedstocks. Improvements were also made on the coal-extraction pilot plant which will now allow larger quantities of feedstock to be produced. Mass and energy balances were also performed on the pilot plant in an attempt to evaluate the ... continued below

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164 pages

Creation Information

Stansberry, Peter G.; Stiller, Alfred H.; Zondlo, John W.; Chen, Chong; Bland, Brian & Fenton, David March 31, 2002.

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Description

This report presents the results of a one-year effort directed at the exploration of the use of coal as a feedstock for a variety of industrially-relevant carbon products. The work was basically divided into three focus areas. The first area dealt with the acquisition of laboratory equipment to aid in the analysis and characterization of both the raw coal and the coal-derived feedstocks. Improvements were also made on the coal-extraction pilot plant which will now allow larger quantities of feedstock to be produced. Mass and energy balances were also performed on the pilot plant in an attempt to evaluate the scale-up potential of the process. The second focus area dealt with exploring hydrogenation conditions specifically aimed at testing several less-expensive candidate hydrogen-donor solvents. Through a process of filtration and vacuum distillation, viable pitch products were produced and evaluated. Moreover, a recycle solvent was also isolated so that the overall solvent balance in the system could be maintained. The effect of variables such as gas pressure and gas atmosphere were evaluated. The pitch product was analyzed and showed low ash content, reasonable yield, good coking value and a coke with anisotropic optical texture. A unique plot of coke yield vs. pitch softening point was discovered to be independent of reaction conditions or hydrogen-donor solvent. The third area of research centered on the investigation of alternate extraction solvents and processing conditions for the solvent extraction step. A wide variety of solvents, co-solvents and enhancement additives were tested with varying degrees of success. For the extraction of raw coal, the efficacy of the alternate solvents when compared to the benchmark solvent, N-methyl pyrrolidone, was not good. However when the same coal was partially hydrogenated prior to solvent extraction, all solvents showed excellent results even for extractions performed at room temperature. Standard analyses of the extraction products indicated that they had the requisite properties of viable carbon-product precursors.

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164 pages

Notes

OSTI as DE00808476

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  • Other Information: PBD: 31 Mar 2002

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  • Report No.: NONE
  • Grant Number: FC26-00NT41008
  • DOI: 10.2172/808476 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 808476
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc737897

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  • March 31, 2002

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Oct. 18, 2015, 6:40 p.m.

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  • Jan. 4, 2017, 1:35 p.m.

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Stansberry, Peter G.; Stiller, Alfred H.; Zondlo, John W.; Chen, Chong; Bland, Brian & Fenton, David. RESEARCH ON CARBON PRODUCTS FROM COAL USING AN EXTRACTIVE PROCESS, report, March 31, 2002; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc737897/: accessed August 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.