Effects of Microstructural Variables on the Shock Wave Response of PZT 95/5

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Description

The particular lead zirconate/titanate composition PZT 95/5-2Nb was identified many years ago as a promising ferroelectric ceramic for use in shock-driven pulsed power supplies. The bulk density and the corresponding porous microstructure of this material can be varied by adding different types and quantities of organic pore formers prior to bisque firing and sintering. Early studies showed that the porous microstructure could have a significant effect on power supply performance, with only a relatively narrow range of densities providing acceptable shock wave response. However, relatively few studies were performed over the years to characterize the shock response of this material, ... continued below

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59 pages

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SETCHELL, ROBERT E.; TUTTLE, BRUCE A. & VOIGT, JAMES A. February 1, 2003.

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  • Sandia National Laboratories
    Publisher Info: Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM, and Livermore, CA (United States)
    Place of Publication: Albuquerque, New Mexico

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Description

The particular lead zirconate/titanate composition PZT 95/5-2Nb was identified many years ago as a promising ferroelectric ceramic for use in shock-driven pulsed power supplies. The bulk density and the corresponding porous microstructure of this material can be varied by adding different types and quantities of organic pore formers prior to bisque firing and sintering. Early studies showed that the porous microstructure could have a significant effect on power supply performance, with only a relatively narrow range of densities providing acceptable shock wave response. However, relatively few studies were performed over the years to characterize the shock response of this material, yielding few insights on how microstructural features actually influence the constitutive mechanical, electrical, and phase-transition properties. The goal of the current work was to address these issues through comparative shock wave experiments on PZT 95/5-2Nb materials having different porous microstructures. A gas-gun facility was used to generate uniaxial-strain shock waves in test materials under carefully controlled impact conditions. Reverse-impact experiments were conducted to obtain basic Hugoniot data, and transmitted-wave experiments were conducted to examine both constitutive mechanical properties and shock-driven electrical currents. The present work benefited from a recent study in which a baseline material with a particular microstructure had been examined in detail. This study identified a complex mechanical behavior governed by anomalous compressibility and incomplete phase transformation at low shock amplitudes, and by a relatively slow yielding process at high shock amplitudes. Depoling currents are reduced at low shock stresses due to the incomplete transformation, and are reduced further in the presence of a strong electrical field. At high shock stresses, depoling currents are driven by a wave structure governed by the threshold for dynamic yielding. This wave structure is insensitive to the final wave amplitude, resulting in depoling currents that do not increase with shock amplitude for stresses above the yield threshold. In the present study, experiments were conducted under matched experimental conditions to directly compare with the behavior of the baseline material. Only subtle differences were observed in the mechanical and electrical shock responses of common-density materials having different porous microstructures, but large effects were observed when initial density was varied.

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59 pages

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  • Other Information: PBD: 1 Feb 2003

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  • Report No.: SAND2003-0537
  • Grant Number: AC04-94AL85000
  • DOI: 10.2172/808632 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 808632
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc737196

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  • February 1, 2003

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  • Oct. 18, 2015, 6:40 p.m.

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  • April 12, 2016, 2:01 p.m.

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SETCHELL, ROBERT E.; TUTTLE, BRUCE A. & VOIGT, JAMES A. Effects of Microstructural Variables on the Shock Wave Response of PZT 95/5, report, February 1, 2003; Albuquerque, New Mexico. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc737196/: accessed September 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.