Biosphere Modeling and Analyses in Support of Total System Performance Assessment

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Description

The Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 established the obligations of and the relationship between the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) for the management and disposal of high-level radioactive wastes. In 1985, the EPA promulgated regulations that included a definition of performance assessment that did not consider potential dose to a member of the general public. This definition would influence the scope of activities conducted by DOE in support of the total system performance assessment program until 1995. The release of a National Academy of Sciences (NAS) ... continued below

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13 pages

Creation Information

Tappen, Jeff; Wasiolek, M.A.; Wu, D.W. & Schmitt, J.F. December 6, 2001.

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This report is part of the collection entitled: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports and was provided by UNT Libraries Government Documents Department to Digital Library, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. More information about this report can be viewed below.

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Description

The Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 established the obligations of and the relationship between the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) for the management and disposal of high-level radioactive wastes. In 1985, the EPA promulgated regulations that included a definition of performance assessment that did not consider potential dose to a member of the general public. This definition would influence the scope of activities conducted by DOE in support of the total system performance assessment program until 1995. The release of a National Academy of Sciences (NAS) report on the technical basis for a Yucca Mountain-specific standard provided the impetus for the DOE to initiate activities that would consider the attributes of the biosphere, i.e. that portion of the earth where living things, including man, exist and interact with the environment around them. The evolution of NRC and EPA Yucca Mountain-specific regulations, originally proposed in 1999, was critical to the development and integration of biosphere modeling and analyses into the total system performance assessment program. These proposed regulations initially differed in the conceptual representation of the receptor of interest to be considered in assessing performance. The publication in 2001 of final regulations in which the NRC adopted standard will permit the continued improvement and refinement of biosphere modeling and analyses activities in support of assessment activities.

Physical Description

13 pages

Notes

INIS; OSTI as DE00805592

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  • Other Information: PBD: 6 Dec 2001

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  • Report No.: NONE
  • Grant Number: NONE
  • DOI: 10.2172/805592 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 805592
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc736950

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Creation Date

  • December 6, 2001

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Oct. 18, 2015, 6:40 p.m.

Description Last Updated

  • March 24, 2016, 5:47 p.m.

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Tappen, Jeff; Wasiolek, M.A.; Wu, D.W. & Schmitt, J.F. Biosphere Modeling and Analyses in Support of Total System Performance Assessment, report, December 6, 2001; Las Vegas, Nevada. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc736950/: accessed September 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.