Effect of thin-film coating on wear in EGR-contaminated oil.

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Increased use of higher-efficiency compression ignition direct injection (CIDI) diesel engines instead of today's gasoline engines will result in reduced fuel consumption and greenhouse gases emissions. However, NO{sub x} and particulate exhaust emissions from diesel engines must be significantly reduced due to their possible adverse health effects. Exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) is an effective way to reduce NO{sub x} emissions from diesel engines, but the particulates and acidic exhaust products in the recirculated gas will contaminate engine lubricant oil by increasing the soot content and total acid number (TAN). These factors will increase the wear rate in many critical engine ... continued below

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Ajayi, O. O.; Aldajah, S. H.; Erdemir, A. & Fenske, G. R. December 6, 2001.

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Increased use of higher-efficiency compression ignition direct injection (CIDI) diesel engines instead of today's gasoline engines will result in reduced fuel consumption and greenhouse gases emissions. However, NO{sub x} and particulate exhaust emissions from diesel engines must be significantly reduced due to their possible adverse health effects. Exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) is an effective way to reduce NO{sub x} emissions from diesel engines, but the particulates and acidic exhaust products in the recirculated gas will contaminate engine lubricant oil by increasing the soot content and total acid number (TAN). These factors will increase the wear rate in many critical engine components and seriously compromise engine durability. We have investigated the use of commercially available thin and hard coatings (TiN, TiCN, TiAlN, and CrN) to mitigate the negative effects of EGR on wear. In tests with the four-ball machine according to ASTM D4172, we found that all the four coatings deposited on M-50 steel significantly reduced wear in EGR-contaminated oils when compared with uncoated M50 steel balls.

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  • 2002 Future Car Congress, Arlington, VA (US), 06/03/2002--06/05/2002

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  • Report No.: ANL/ET/CP-105673
  • Grant Number: W-31-109-ENG-38
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 795816
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc736848

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  • December 6, 2001

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  • Oct. 19, 2015, 7:39 p.m.

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  • March 29, 2016, 4:43 p.m.

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Ajayi, O. O.; Aldajah, S. H.; Erdemir, A. & Fenske, G. R. Effect of thin-film coating on wear in EGR-contaminated oil., article, December 6, 2001; Illinois. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc736848/: accessed August 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.