Beam Ion Driven Instabilities in NSTX

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A low-field, low-aspect-ratio device such as NSTX (National Spherical Torus Experiment) is an excellent testbed to study the ITER-relevant physics of fast-particle confinement that is of major importance for burning plasmas. The low Alfvin speed in NSTX offers a window to the super-Alfvinic regime expected in ITER. Effects such as the large FLR, orbit width, strong shaping, and high thermal and fast-ion betas make this effort a greater challenge. We report on the linear stability of different Alfvin eigenmode (AE) branches and compare theory with experimental data. Low-frequency MHD activities, {approx}100 kHz, on NSTX are often observed and identified as ... continued below

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Gorelenkov, N.N.; Belova, E.; Berk, H.L.; Cheng, C.Z.; Fredrickson, E.; Heidbrink, W. et al. November 7, 2003.

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A low-field, low-aspect-ratio device such as NSTX (National Spherical Torus Experiment) is an excellent testbed to study the ITER-relevant physics of fast-particle confinement that is of major importance for burning plasmas. The low Alfvin speed in NSTX offers a window to the super-Alfvinic regime expected in ITER. Effects such as the large FLR, orbit width, strong shaping, and high thermal and fast-ion betas make this effort a greater challenge. We report on the linear stability of different Alfvin eigenmode (AE) branches and compare theory with experimental data. Low-frequency MHD activities, {approx}100 kHz, on NSTX are often observed and identified as the toroidicity-induced AEs (TAE) driven by beam ions. Sometimes they are accompanied by beam ion losses in H-mode, high q(0) plasmas. Numerical analysis using the NOVA-K code shows good agreement with the experimental data. The TAE instability was compared in experiments on NSTX and DIII-D. With very similar plasma conditions, we tested the theoretical prediction that the toroidal mode number of the most unstable TAEs scales with the machine minor radius, n {approx} a. In NSTX, TAEs are observed with n = 1-2, whereas in DIII-D n = 4-7. The confirmation of n scaling validates the predictive capabilities of theoretical tools (NOVA-K) for studying ITER plasmas. In the high-frequency range, recent observations of rich sub-ion cyclotron frequency MHD activities in NSTX suggest that new instabilities are excited, which we identify as Global shear AEs (GAEs). Similar to the compressional AEs (CAEs), GAEs are destabilized by the Doppler-shifted cyclotron resonance in the presence of 80 keV neutral-beam injection. To simulate GAE/CAEs in realistic NSTX plasma conditions, we have developed a nonlinear hybrid kinetic-MHD code, HYM, which is capable of computing the mode structure, saturation, and energetic particle transport.

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1 MB pages

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INIS; OSTI as DE00820196

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  • Other Information: PBD: 7 Nov 2003

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  • Report No.: PPPL-3901
  • Grant Number: AC02-76CH03073
  • DOI: 10.2172/820196 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 820196
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc736695

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  • November 7, 2003

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  • Oct. 18, 2015, 6:40 p.m.

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  • April 15, 2016, 8:29 p.m.

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Gorelenkov, N.N.; Belova, E.; Berk, H.L.; Cheng, C.Z.; Fredrickson, E.; Heidbrink, W. et al. Beam Ion Driven Instabilities in NSTX, report, November 7, 2003; Princeton, New Jersey. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc736695/: accessed October 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.