Evaluation of the Intrinsic and Extrinsic Fracture Behavior of Iron Aluminides

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Comparative finite element modeling simulations of initial intergranular fracture of two iron aluminides (FA186 and FA189) were carried out to study the intrinsic and extrinsic fracture behavior of the alloys as related to hydrogen embrittlement. The computational simulations involved sequentially-coupled stress and mass-diffusion analyses to determine the stress/strain distribution and the extent of hydrogen concentration at the crack tip region. Simulations of initial intergranular fracture of the two alloys under either air or vacuum conditions were conducted. With judicious selection of grain boundary failure strains for each alloy and assumed material degradation at hydrogen diffusion zone, the numerical results agree ... continued below

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Cooper, B.R. February 8, 2002.

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Comparative finite element modeling simulations of initial intergranular fracture of two iron aluminides (FA186 and FA189) were carried out to study the intrinsic and extrinsic fracture behavior of the alloys as related to hydrogen embrittlement. The computational simulations involved sequentially-coupled stress and mass-diffusion analyses to determine the stress/strain distribution and the extent of hydrogen concentration at the crack tip region. Simulations of initial intergranular fracture of the two alloys under either air or vacuum conditions were conducted. With judicious selection of grain boundary failure strains for each alloy and assumed material degradation at hydrogen diffusion zone, the numerical results agree well with previous experimental test results. We have considered the various methods by which the thermal expansion of Fe{sub 3}Al can be modeled. As a matter of practicality, we have started with a conceptually simple continuum medium modeling, which we have used in initial calculations reported here, despite its limitations in neglecting the effects of optical phonons. This makes the results increasingly suspect for temperatures above the Debye temperature. However, the results we obtain are surprisingly good considering this important limitation. Nevertheless, we regard these results as being suspect. Therefore, in addition, we discuss a wholly new ab-initio-based method which is both more accurate (preserves the ab-initio-generated information) and computationally more efficient, This method can directly transform the all-electron ab initio electronic structure results of the full-potential LMTO electronic structure behavior, computationally provided in reciprocal space, to the real space representation needed for the thermal expansion modeling. An increase of computational speed, use of larger supercells, and more efficient calculations, can all be achieved by using real space (tight-binding (TB)) calculations. The TB parameters are obtained from direct Fourier transform of the matrix elements in momentum space for a specific structure and specific lattice constant. The parameters that may change significantly are the onsite parameters, which depend on the onsite electron density. To make a usable look-up table, good for variable lattice constant in the same structure, one can perform several runs with different lattice constants and obtain a fitting function of the onsite parameter as a function of lattice constant, for each orbital in each atom. We are at present implementing this method for initial application to Fe{sub 3}Al before proceeding to a study of molybdenum silicide systems.

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  • Other Information: PBD: 8 Feb 2002

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  • Report No.: ORNL/SUB/98-ST547/05
  • Grant Number: AC05-00OR22725
  • DOI: 10.2172/814585 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 814585
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc736152

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  • February 8, 2002

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  • Oct. 18, 2015, 6:40 p.m.

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  • March 30, 2016, 8:22 p.m.

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Cooper, B.R. Evaluation of the Intrinsic and Extrinsic Fracture Behavior of Iron Aluminides, report, February 8, 2002; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc736152/: accessed December 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.