Hydrologic Behavior of Two Engineered Barriers Following Extreme Wetting

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Many engineered barriers are expected to function for hundreds of years or longer. Over the course of time, it is likely that some barriers will experience infiltration to the point of breakthrough. This study compares the recovery from breakthrough of two storage- evapotranspiration type engineered barriers. Replicates of test plots comprising thick soil and capillary/biobarrier covers were wetted to breakthrough in 1997. Test plots were kept cleared of vegetation to maximize hydrologic stress during recovery. Following cessation of drainage resulting from the wetting irrigations, water storage levels in all plots were at elevated levels compared to pre-irrigation levels. As a ... continued below

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449 Kilobytes pages

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Porro, I. September 30, 2000.

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Description

Many engineered barriers are expected to function for hundreds of years or longer. Over the course of time, it is likely that some barriers will experience infiltration to the point of breakthrough. This study compares the recovery from breakthrough of two storage- evapotranspiration type engineered barriers. Replicates of test plots comprising thick soil and capillary/biobarrier covers were wetted to breakthrough in 1997. Test plots were kept cleared of vegetation to maximize hydrologic stress during recovery. Following cessation of drainage resulting from the wetting irrigations, water storage levels in all plots were at elevated levels compared to pre-irrigation levels. As a result, infiltration of melting snow during the subsequent spring overloaded the storage capacity and produced drainage in all plots. Relatively rapid melting of accumulated snowfall produced the most significant infiltration events each year during the study. Capillary barriers yielded less total drainage than thick soil barriers. By limiting drainage, capillary barriers increased water storage in the upper portions of the test plots, which led to increased evaporation from the capillary barrier plots compared to thick soil plots. Increased evaporation in the capillary barrier plots allowed more water to infiltrate in the second season following the wetting tests without triggering drainage. All thick soil plots again yielded drainage in the second season. Within two years of intentionally induced breakthrough, evaporation alone (without transpiration) restored the capability of the capillary barrier covers to function as intended, although water storage in these covers remained at elevated levels.

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449 Kilobytes pages

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OSTI as DE00799880

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  • Other Information: PBD: 30 Sep 2000

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  • Report No.: INEEL/EXT-2000-00602
  • Grant Number: AC07-99ID13727
  • DOI: 10.2172/799880 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 799880
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc735617

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • September 30, 2000

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Oct. 19, 2015, 7:39 p.m.

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  • April 27, 2016, 2:54 p.m.

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Porro, I. Hydrologic Behavior of Two Engineered Barriers Following Extreme Wetting, report, September 30, 2000; Idaho Falls, Idaho. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc735617/: accessed December 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.