Configuring load as a resource for competitive electricity markets--Review of demand response programs in the U.S. and around the world

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The restructuring of regional and national electricity markets in the U.S. and around the world has been accompanied by numerous problems, including generation capacity shortages, transmission congestion, wholesale price volatility, and reduced system reliability. These problems have created new opportunities for technologies and business approaches that allow load serving entities and other aggregators to control and manage the load patterns of wholesale and retail end-users they serve. Demand Response Programs, once called Load Management, have re-emerged as an important element in the fine-tuning of newly restructured electricity markets. During the summers of 1999 and 2001 they played a vital role ... continued below

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Heffner, Grayson C. September 1, 2002.

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The restructuring of regional and national electricity markets in the U.S. and around the world has been accompanied by numerous problems, including generation capacity shortages, transmission congestion, wholesale price volatility, and reduced system reliability. These problems have created new opportunities for technologies and business approaches that allow load serving entities and other aggregators to control and manage the load patterns of wholesale and retail end-users they serve. Demand Response Programs, once called Load Management, have re-emerged as an important element in the fine-tuning of newly restructured electricity markets. During the summers of 1999 and 2001 they played a vital role in stabilizing wholesale markets and providing a hedge against generation shortfalls throughout the U.S.A. Demand Response Programs include ''traditional'' capacity reservation and interruptible/curtailable rates programs as well as voluntary demand bidding programs offered by either Load Serving Entities (LSEs) or regional Independent System Operators (ISOs). The Lawrence Berkeley National Lab (LBNL) has been monitoring the development of new types of Demand Response Programs both in the U.S. and around the world. This paper provides a survey and overview of the technologies and program designs that make up these emerging and important new programs.

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OSTI as DE00805147

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  • The 14th Annual Conference of the Electric Power Supply, CEPSI 2002, Fukuoka (JP), 11/05/2002--11/08/2002

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  • Report No.: LBNL--51496
  • Grant Number: AC03-76SF00098
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 805147
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc735141

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  • September 1, 2002

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  • Oct. 18, 2015, 6:40 p.m.

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  • Sept. 1, 2016, 6:46 p.m.

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Heffner, Grayson C. Configuring load as a resource for competitive electricity markets--Review of demand response programs in the U.S. and around the world, article, September 1, 2002; Berkeley, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc735141/: accessed September 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.