Fatigue Crack Propagation from Notched Specimens of 304 SS in elevated Temperature Aqueous Environment

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Fatigue crack propagation (FCP) rates for 304 stainless steel (304SS) were determined in 24 degree C and 288 degree C air and 288 degree C water using double-edged notch (DEN) specimens of 304 stainless steel (304 SS). Test performed at matched loading conditions in air and water at 288 degree C with 20-6- cc h[sub]2/kg h[sub]2O provided a direct comparison of the relative crack growth rates in air and water over a wide range of crack growth rates. The DEN crack extension ranged from short cracks (0.03-0.25 mm) to long cracks up to 4.06 mm, which are consistent with conventional ... continued below

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Wire, G. L. & Mills, W. J. August 1, 2002.

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This article is part of the collection entitled: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports and was provided by UNT Libraries Government Documents Department to Digital Library, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. It has been viewed 14 times . More information about this article can be viewed below.

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  • Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory
    Publisher Info: Bettis Atomic Power Lab., West Mifflin, PA (United States)
    Place of Publication: West Mifflin, Pennsylvania

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Fatigue crack propagation (FCP) rates for 304 stainless steel (304SS) were determined in 24 degree C and 288 degree C air and 288 degree C water using double-edged notch (DEN) specimens of 304 stainless steel (304 SS). Test performed at matched loading conditions in air and water at 288 degree C with 20-6- cc h[sub]2/kg h[sub]2O provided a direct comparison of the relative crack growth rates in air and water over a wide range of crack growth rates. The DEN crack extension ranged from short cracks (0.03-0.25 mm) to long cracks up to 4.06 mm, which are consistent with conventional deep crack tests. Crack growth rates of 304 SS in water were about 12 times the air rate. This 12X environmental enhancement persisted to crack extensions up to 4.06 mm, far outside the range associated with short crack effects. The large environmental degradation for 304 SS crack growth is consistent with the strong reduction of fatigue life in high hydrogen water. Further, very similar environmental effects w ere reported in fatigue crack growth tests in hydrogen water chemistry (HWC). Most literature data in high hydrogen water show only a mild environmental effect for 304 SS, of order 2.5 times air or less, but the tests were predominantly performed at high cyclic stress intensity or equivalently, high air rates. The environmental effect in low oxygen environments at low stress intensity depends strongly on both the stress ratio, R, and the load rise time, T[sub]r, as recently reported for austenitic stainless steel in BWR water. Fractography was performed for both tests in air and water. At 288 degree C in water, the fracture surfaces were crisply faceted with a crystallographic appearance, and showed striations under high magnification. The cleavage-like facets on the fracture surfaces suggest that hydrogen embrittlement is the primary cause of accelerated cracking.

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OSTI as DE00805335

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  • ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, Vancouver, British Columbia (CA), 08/04/2002--08/08/2002; Other Information: Supercedes report DE00805335; PBD: 1 Aug 2002

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  • Report No.: B-T-3417
  • Grant Number: AC11-98PN38206
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 805335
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc734553

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  • August 1, 2002

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  • Oct. 18, 2015, 6:40 p.m.

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  • March 24, 2016, 9:24 p.m.

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Wire, G. L. & Mills, W. J. Fatigue Crack Propagation from Notched Specimens of 304 SS in elevated Temperature Aqueous Environment, article, August 1, 2002; West Mifflin, Pennsylvania. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc734553/: accessed October 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.