ENHANCEMENT OF EQUILIBRIUMSHIFT IN DEHYDROGENATION REACTIONS USING A NOVEL MEMBRANE REACTOR

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With the advances in new inorganic materials and processing techniques, there has been renewed interest in exploiting the benefits of membranes in many industrial applications. Inorganic and composite membranes are being considered as potential candidates for use in membrane-reactor configuration for effectively increasing reaction rate, selectivity and yield of equilibrium limited reactions. To investigate the usefulness of a palladium-ceramic composite membrane in a membrane reactor-separator configuration, we investigated the dehydrogenation of cyclohexane by equilibrium shift. A two-dimensional pseudo-homogeneous reactor model was developed to study the dehydrogenation of cyclohexane by equilibrium shift in a tubular membrane reactor. Radial diffusion was considered ... continued below

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57 pages

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Ilias, Shamsuddin & King, Franklin G. February 13, 2001.

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With the advances in new inorganic materials and processing techniques, there has been renewed interest in exploiting the benefits of membranes in many industrial applications. Inorganic and composite membranes are being considered as potential candidates for use in membrane-reactor configuration for effectively increasing reaction rate, selectivity and yield of equilibrium limited reactions. To investigate the usefulness of a palladium-ceramic composite membrane in a membrane reactor-separator configuration, we investigated the dehydrogenation of cyclohexane by equilibrium shift. A two-dimensional pseudo-homogeneous reactor model was developed to study the dehydrogenation of cyclohexane by equilibrium shift in a tubular membrane reactor. Radial diffusion was considered to account for the concentration gradient in the radial direction due to permeation through the membrane. For a dehydrogenation reaction, the feed stream to the reaction side contained cyclohexane and argon, while the separation side used argon as the sweep gas. Equilibrium conversion for dehydrogenation of cyclohexane is 18.7%. The present study showed that 100% conversion could be achieved by equilibrium shift using Pd-ceramic membrane reactor. For a feed containing cyclohexane and argon of 1.64 x 10{sup -6} and 1.0 x 10{sup -3} mol/s, over 98% conversion could be readily achieved. The dehydrogenation of cyclohexane was also experimentally investigated in a palladium-ceramic membrane reactor. The Pd-ceramic membrane was fabricated by electroless deposition of palladium on ceramic substrate. The performance of Pd-ceramic membrane was compared with a commercially available hydrogen-selective ceramic membrane. From limited experimental data it was observed that by appropriate choice of feed flow rate and sweep gas rate, the conversion of cyclohexane to benzene and hydrogen can increased to 56% at atmospheric pressure and 200 C in a Pd-ceramic membrane reactor. In the commercial ceramic membrane reactor the observed conversion was about 38% under similar conditions. These conversions are significantly well over the equilibrium conversion of 18.7% in a conventional reactor. Thus, by selective removal of hydrogen in Pd membrane reactor it is now possible to shift the thermodynamic equilibrium to the right to increase the yields of equilibrium limited reactions. In developing Pd-ceramic membranes, eight porous ceramic and stainless steel substrates were investigated to find the influence of the substrates to the morphology of the Pd membranes plated on them. The results indicated that the pore size and coarseness of the substrate are the most important factors when choosing the right substrate for good Pd membrane plating. A modified electroless plating procedure had been developed for stainless steel substrate. The membrane plated by this method is much better than the conventional one. But it still needs improvement to make a defect free Pd membrane.

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57 pages

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OSTI as DE00792089

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  • Other Information: PBD: 13 Feb 2001

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  • Report No.: FG22-96PC96222--08
  • Grant Number: FG22-96PC96222
  • DOI: 10.2172/792089 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 792089
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc734549

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  • February 13, 2001

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Oct. 19, 2015, 7:39 p.m.

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  • March 21, 2016, 1:56 p.m.

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Ilias, Shamsuddin & King, Franklin G. ENHANCEMENT OF EQUILIBRIUMSHIFT IN DEHYDROGENATION REACTIONS USING A NOVEL MEMBRANE REACTOR, report, February 13, 2001; Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc734549/: accessed November 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.