OPTIMIZATION OF ADVANCED FILTER SYSTEMS

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Description

Reliable, maintainable and cost effective hot gas particulate filter technology is critical to the successful commercialization of advanced, coal-fired power generation technologies, such as IGCC and PFBC. In pilot plant testing, the operating reliability of hot gas particulate filters have been periodically compromised by process issues, such as process upsets and difficult ash cake behavior (ash bridging and sintering), and by design issues, such as cantilevered filter elements damaged by ash bridging, or excessively close packing of filtering surfaces resulting in unacceptable pressure drop or filtering surface plugging. This test experience has focused the issues and has helped to define ... continued below

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120 pages

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Newby, R.A.; Bruck, G.J.; Alvin, M.A. & Lippert, T.E. April 30, 1998.

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Description

Reliable, maintainable and cost effective hot gas particulate filter technology is critical to the successful commercialization of advanced, coal-fired power generation technologies, such as IGCC and PFBC. In pilot plant testing, the operating reliability of hot gas particulate filters have been periodically compromised by process issues, such as process upsets and difficult ash cake behavior (ash bridging and sintering), and by design issues, such as cantilevered filter elements damaged by ash bridging, or excessively close packing of filtering surfaces resulting in unacceptable pressure drop or filtering surface plugging. This test experience has focused the issues and has helped to define advanced hot gas filter design concepts that offer higher reliability. Westinghouse has identified two advanced ceramic barrier filter concepts that are configured to minimize the possibility of ash bridge formation and to be robust against ash bridges should they occur. The ''inverted candle filter system'' uses arrays of thin-walled, ceramic candle-type filter elements with inside-surface filtering, and contains the filter elements in metal enclosures for complete separation from ash bridges. The ''sheet filter system'' uses ceramic, flat plate filter elements supported from vertical pipe-header arrays that provide geometry that avoids the buildup of ash bridges and allows free fall of the back-pulse released filter cake. The Optimization of Advanced Filter Systems program is being conducted to evaluate these two advanced designs and to ultimately demonstrate one of the concepts in pilot scale. In the Base Contract program, the subject of this report, Westinghouse has developed conceptual designs of the two advanced ceramic barrier filter systems to assess their performance, availability and cost potential, and to identify technical issues that may hinder the commercialization of the technologies. A plan for the Option I, bench-scale test program has also been developed based on the issues identified. The two advanced barrier filter systems have been found to have the potential to be significantly more reliable and less expensive to operate than standard ceramic candle filter system designs. Their key development requirements are the assessment of the design and manufacturing feasibility of the ceramic filter elements, and the small-scale demonstration of their conceptual reliability and availability merits.

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120 pages

Notes

OSTI as DE00794054

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  • Other Information: PBD: 30 Apr 1998

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  • Report No.: AC26-97FT33007--03
  • Grant Number: AC26-97FT33007
  • DOI: 10.2172/794054 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 794054
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc734436

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

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  • April 30, 1998

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Oct. 19, 2015, 7:39 p.m.

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  • March 25, 2016, 2:04 p.m.

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Newby, R.A.; Bruck, G.J.; Alvin, M.A. & Lippert, T.E. OPTIMIZATION OF ADVANCED FILTER SYSTEMS, report, April 30, 1998; Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc734436/: accessed August 15, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.