Consequences of return to power after a beam interruption in the blanket of an accelerator driven system.

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A sudden drop in power after a beam interruption leads to thermal fatigue effects in structural components in the blanket of an accelerator driven system. These thermal fatigue effects limit component lifetimes. A sudden return to power after a beam interruption can contribute significant additional thermal fatigue and greatly reduce component lifetimes. One obvious solution is a gradual return to power after a beam interruption. There are two potential problems with this solution. One problem involves interruptions that are longer than the thermal time constants of thin structural members but shorter than the time constants of thick structural members. In ... continued below

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Dunn, F. August 9, 2001.

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A sudden drop in power after a beam interruption leads to thermal fatigue effects in structural components in the blanket of an accelerator driven system. These thermal fatigue effects limit component lifetimes. A sudden return to power after a beam interruption can contribute significant additional thermal fatigue and greatly reduce component lifetimes. One obvious solution is a gradual return to power after a beam interruption. There are two potential problems with this solution. One problem involves interruptions that are longer than the thermal time constants of thin structural members but shorter than the time constants of thick structural members. In such a case, a gradual return to power reduces the additional thermal fatigue in the thin structural members but increases the thermal fatigue in thick structural members. Some compromise is necessary. The other problem is that for thick components with long thermal time constants a long, gradual return to power is required to minimize additional thermal fatigue. Such a slow return to power can reduce the utilization or the effective load factor of the system. Specific examples of beam interruptions with various assumptions on return to power are provided for a preliminary design for the blanket of the Accelerator Driven Test Facility. Also, mitigation options to increase component lifetime are discussed. These mitigation options include improving beam reliability and modifying the blanket design to better tolerate beam interruptions.

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  • Nuclear Applications in the New Millennium (AccApp/ADTTA '01), Conference location not supplied, 11/11/2001--11/15/2001

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  • Report No.: ANL/RAE/CP-104620
  • Grant Number: W-31-109-ENG-38
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 797882
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc734359

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  • August 9, 2001

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  • Oct. 19, 2015, 7:39 p.m.

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  • March 11, 2016, 5:18 p.m.

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Dunn, F. Consequences of return to power after a beam interruption in the blanket of an accelerator driven system., article, August 9, 2001; Illinois. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc734359/: accessed September 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.