Mechanical Properties - Structure Correlation for Commercial Specification of Cast Particulate Metal Matrix Composites

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In this research, the effects of casting foundry, testing laboratory, surface conditions, and casting processes on the mechanical properties of A359-SiC composites were identified. To observe the effects, A359-SiC composites with 20 and 305 SiC particles were cast at three different foundries and tested at three different laboratories. The composites were cast in sand and permanent molds and tested as-cast and machined conditions. To identify the effect of the volume fraction and distribution of particles on the properties of the composites, particle distribution was determined using Clemex Image analysis systems, and particle volume fraction was determined using wet chemical analysis ... continued below

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192 pages

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Rohatgi, Pradeep December 31, 2002.

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In this research, the effects of casting foundry, testing laboratory, surface conditions, and casting processes on the mechanical properties of A359-SiC composites were identified. To observe the effects, A359-SiC composites with 20 and 305 SiC particles were cast at three different foundries and tested at three different laboratories. The composites were cast in sand and permanent molds and tested as-cast and machined conditions. To identify the effect of the volume fraction and distribution of particles on the properties of the composites, particle distribution was determined using Clemex Image analysis systems, and particle volume fraction was determined using wet chemical analysis and Clemex Image analysis systems. The microstructure and fractured surfaces of the samples were analyzed using SEM, and EDX analysis was done to analyze chemical reaction between the particles and the matrix. The results of the tensile strengths exhibited that the tensile strengths depend on the density and porosity of the composites; in general the higher tensile strength is associated with lower porosity and higher density. In some cases, composites with lower density were higher than these with higher density. In the Al-20% SiC samples, the composites with more inclusions exhibited a lower tensile strength than the ones with fewer inclusions. This suggests that macroscopic casting defects such as micro-porosity, shrinkage porosity and inclusions appear to strongly influence the tensile strength more than the microstructure and particle distribution. The fatigue properties of A359/20 vol.% SiC composites were investigated under strain controlled conditions. Hysteresis loops obtained from strain controlled cyclic loading of 20% SiCp reinforced material did not exhibit any measurable softening or hardening. The fatigue life of Al-20% SiC heat treated alloy at a given total strain showed wide variation in fatigue life, which appeared to be related to factors such as inclusions, porosity, and particle distribution. The inclusions and porosity on the fracture surfaces seem to have a more significant influence on the fatigue life of cast Al-20% SiC as compared to other variables, including SiC particle volume percentage and its distribution. Striations were generally not visible on the fracture surface of the composites. In many specimens, SiC particle fracture was also observed. Fracture was more severe around pores and inclusions than in the matrix away from them. Inclusions and porosity seem to have a much stronger influence on fatigue behavior than the particle distribution. The analysis suggests that the enhancement of fatigue behavior of cast MMCs requires a decrease in the size of defects, porosity, and inclusions. The particle volume fraction determined using wet chemical analysis gives values of SiC vol.% which are closer to the nominal Sic % than the values of SiC% obtained by ultrasonic and Clemex Image Analysis system. In view of ALCAN's recommendation one must use wet chemical analysis for determining the volume percent SiC.

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192 pages

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OSTI as DE00808536

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  • Other Information: PBD: 31 Dec 2002

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  • Report No.: Comprehensive Report 1999-2002
  • Grant Number: FC07-99ID13726
  • DOI: 10.2172/808536 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 808536
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc734045

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  • December 31, 2002

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Oct. 18, 2015, 6:40 p.m.

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  • Jan. 7, 2018, 7:31 p.m.

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Rohatgi, Pradeep. Mechanical Properties - Structure Correlation for Commercial Specification of Cast Particulate Metal Matrix Composites, report, December 31, 2002; Milwaukee, Wisconsin. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc734045/: accessed October 17, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.