Estimated Duration of the Subsurface Reducing Environment Produced by the Z-Area Saltstone Disposal Facility

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The formula for saltstone includes approximately 25 per cent wt slag to create a reducing environment for mitigating the subsurface transport of a number of radionuclides, including technetium-99. Based on laboratory measurements and mass balance calculations, it was estimated that the Z-Area saltstone waste form will maintain a reducing environment for more than a thousand years and likely for more than 10,000 years. The calculations were very sensitive to infiltration flow rate, underscoring the importance of the proposed moisture barrier for mitigating contaminant transport. Laboratory measurements indicated that the slag used in the formulation of the saltstone has an exceptionally ... continued below

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Kaplan, D.I. October 3, 2003.

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Description

The formula for saltstone includes approximately 25 per cent wt slag to create a reducing environment for mitigating the subsurface transport of a number of radionuclides, including technetium-99. Based on laboratory measurements and mass balance calculations, it was estimated that the Z-Area saltstone waste form will maintain a reducing environment for more than a thousand years and likely for more than 10,000 years. The calculations were very sensitive to infiltration flow rate, underscoring the importance of the proposed moisture barrier for mitigating contaminant transport. Laboratory measurements indicated that the slag used in the formulation of the saltstone has an exceptionally high reduction capacity. Furthermore, measurements of a subsurface SRS sediment indicated that it also had a significant reduction capacity, albeit almost an order of magnitude less than that of the slag. Approximately 78 percent of the reduction capacity in the disposal system came from the saltstone, 1 4 percent from the geological materials in the overlying moisture barrier, and 9 percent from the vault made from reducing grout. This version differs from the original (WSRC-RP-2003-00362, Rev. 0) in that additional text was added to further explain the assumptions of the calculations and some typographical errors were corrected.

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  • Other Information: PBD: 3 Oct 2003

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  • Report No.: WSRC-RP-2003-00362 Rev 1
  • Grant Number: AC09-96SR18500
  • DOI: 10.2172/816091 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 816091
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc734042

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  • October 3, 2003

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  • Oct. 18, 2015, 6:40 p.m.

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  • May 5, 2016, 1:29 p.m.

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Kaplan, D.I. Estimated Duration of the Subsurface Reducing Environment Produced by the Z-Area Saltstone Disposal Facility, report, October 3, 2003; South Carolina. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc734042/: accessed October 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.