Weak Transitions in A=6 and 7 Nuclei

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The {sup 6}He beta decay and {sup 7}Be electron capture processes are studied using variational Monte Carlo wave functions, derived from a realistic Hamiltonian consisting of the Argonne upsilon{sub 18} two-nucleon and Urbana-IX three-nucleon interactions. The model for the nuclear weak axial current includes one- and two-body operators with the strength of the leading two-body term - associated with Delta-isobar excitation of the nucleon -- adjusted to reproduce the Gamow-Teller matrix element in tritium Beta-decay. The measured half-life of {sup 6}He is under-predicted by theory by {approx_equal}8%, while that of {sup 7}Be for decay into the ground and first excited ... continued below

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Schiavilla, R. & Wiringa, R.B. January 1, 2001.

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The {sup 6}He beta decay and {sup 7}Be electron capture processes are studied using variational Monte Carlo wave functions, derived from a realistic Hamiltonian consisting of the Argonne upsilon{sub 18} two-nucleon and Urbana-IX three-nucleon interactions. The model for the nuclear weak axial current includes one- and two-body operators with the strength of the leading two-body term - associated with Delta-isobar excitation of the nucleon -- adjusted to reproduce the Gamow-Teller matrix element in tritium Beta-decay. The measured half-life of {sup 6}He is under-predicted by theory by {approx_equal}8%, while that of {sup 7}Be for decay into the ground and first excited states of {sup 7}Li is over-predicted by {approx_equal} 9%. However, the experimentally known branching ratio for these latter processes is in good agreement with the calculated value. Two-body axial current contributions lead to a {approx_equal}1.7% (4.4%) increase in the value of the Gamow-Teller matrix element of {sup 6}He ({sup 7}Be), obtained with one-body currents only, and slightly worsen (appreciably improve) the agreement between the calculated and measured half-life. Corrections due to retardation effects associated with the finite lepton momentum transfers involved in the decays, as well as contributions of suppressed transitions induced by the weak vector charge and axial current operators, have also been calculated and found to be negligible. The approximate character of the variational wave functions employed here is presumable at the origin of the present unsatisfactory situation between theory and experiment.

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1174 Kilobytes pages

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  • Report No.: JLAB-THY-02-04
  • Report No.: DOE/ER/40150-1983
  • Grant Number: AC05-84ER40150
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 790807
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc725428

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  • January 1, 2001

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  • Sept. 29, 2015, 5:31 a.m.

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  • Feb. 5, 2016, 9 p.m.

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Schiavilla, R. & Wiringa, R.B. Weak Transitions in A=6 and 7 Nuclei, article, January 1, 2001; Newport News, Virginia. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc725428/: accessed September 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.