Estimating the greenhouse gas benefits of forestry projects: A Costa Rican Case Study

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If the Clean Development Mechanism proposed under the Kyoto Protocol is to serve as an effective means for combating global climate change, it will depend upon reliable estimates of greenhouse gas benefits. This paper sketches the theoretical basis for estimating the greenhouse gas benefits of forestry projects and suggests lessons learned based on a case study of Costa Rica's Protected Areas Project, which is a 500,000 hectare effort to reduce deforestation and enhance reforestation. The Protected Areas Project in many senses advances the state of the art for Clean Development Mechanism-type forestry projects, as does the third-party verification work of ... continued below

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117 pages

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Busch, Christopher; Sathaye, Jayant & Sanchez Azofeifa, G. Arturo September 1, 2000.

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Description

If the Clean Development Mechanism proposed under the Kyoto Protocol is to serve as an effective means for combating global climate change, it will depend upon reliable estimates of greenhouse gas benefits. This paper sketches the theoretical basis for estimating the greenhouse gas benefits of forestry projects and suggests lessons learned based on a case study of Costa Rica's Protected Areas Project, which is a 500,000 hectare effort to reduce deforestation and enhance reforestation. The Protected Areas Project in many senses advances the state of the art for Clean Development Mechanism-type forestry projects, as does the third-party verification work of SGS International Certification Services on the project. Nonetheless, sensitivity analysis shows that carbon benefit estimates for the project vary widely based on the imputed deforestation rate in the baseline scenario, e.g. the deforestation rate expected if the project were not implemented. This, along with a newly available national dataset that confirms other research showing a slower rate of deforestation in Costa Rica, suggests that the use of the 1979--1992 forest cover data originally as the basis for estimating carbon savings should be reconsidered. When the newly available data is substituted, carbon savings amount to 8.9 Mt (million tones) of carbon, down from the original estimate of 15.7 Mt. The primary general conclusion is that project developers should give more attention to the forecasting land use and land cover change scenarios underlying estimates of greenhouse gas benefits.

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117 pages

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OSTI as DE00764328

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  • Other Information: PBD: 1 Sep 2000

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  • Report No.: LBNL--42289
  • Grant Number: AC03-76SF00098
  • DOI: 10.2172/764328 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 764328
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc725154

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Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • September 1, 2000

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Sept. 29, 2015, 5:31 a.m.

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  • Sept. 21, 2017, 3:20 p.m.

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Busch, Christopher; Sathaye, Jayant & Sanchez Azofeifa, G. Arturo. Estimating the greenhouse gas benefits of forestry projects: A Costa Rican Case Study, report, September 1, 2000; California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc725154/: accessed December 12, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.