Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation - DOE Oversight Division. Status Report to the Public - December 1999 Page: 37 of 72
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Environmental Monitoring & Compliance
non-radiological contaminants, looking at land on site as well as waterways
downstream. Sophisticated studies are conducted on the interactions of these
contaminants with plants, animals, and the environment.
The Division confirms the results of studies conducted by BMAP personnel by
undertaking independent monitoring programs on the ORR. These include sam-
pling communities of creatures living on the stream bot-
toms-known as benthic macroinvertebrates-and collect-
ing largemouth bass from a quarry located on the ORR for Oak Ridge Reservation
mercury analysis. Wildlife Monitoring
The Division has also begun two new projects-the / Of 231 deer killed on the
Rapid Bioassessment project and the Periphyton Monitor- Oak Ridge Reservation by
ing Program-that together will give an independent con- hunters in 1998, three
firmation of DOE monitoring and evaluate new areas of were confiscated due to
possible concern. These projects will assist the Division in internal radioactive conta-
evaluating surface water conditions on and around the Oak mination above back
Ridge Reservation. ground levels.
/ One hundred twelve Cana-
White-Tailed Deer da Geese were rounded up
The Division oversaw and monitored the 1998 Reserva- 9r research prpos in
tion deer hunts, which were open to the public. Of the 231 were sacrificed due to ele-
deer killed on the Reservation, three were confiscated vated levels of internal
because measurements of beta radiation (attributed to radioactive contamination.
strontium-90) taken from bone samples were found to be / Hunters killed 21 turkeys
above background levels. in the spring of 1999.
None were confiscated
Before 1996, ORNL personnel were required to survey due to internal radioactive
each deer with hand-held instruments for excessive exter- contamination above
nal radiation, but external contamination has not been background levels.
found since the hunts began. Division staff assumed this
responsibility in 1995 to confirm the DOE position that
external scans for radiation could safely be discontinued.
Division staff found no evidence of external contamination, and in 1996 the
external scans were discontinued.
A study of Canada Geese began in 1987, as part of BMAP, and researchers
began an annual leg banding study in 1988. The following year, they expanded
the study by placing throat collars with visible identification numbers on geese
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Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation - DOE Oversight Division. Status Report to the Public - December 1999, report, December 1, 1999; United States. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc724924/m1/37/: accessed April 25, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.