Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation - DOE Oversight Division. Status Report to the Public - December 1999 Page: 29 of 72
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/ Promoting cooperation and a free
flow of information among the
/ Minimizing duplication in investi-
gation and analysis and ensuring
the quality of data management.
/ Guaranteeing that cleanup and
other remedial steps conform to
relevant laws and regulations.
/ Encouraging quick response.
/ Integrating actions taken under
CERCLA with those taken under
RCRA and State laws.
/ Ensuring a comprehensive
cleanup at the ORR.
Under the FFA, contaminated areas are com-
bined into logical groups known as "operable
units." For each of these units, the three agencies
agree on a cleanup schedule, with clear deadlines
for cleanup milestones. The EPA and the State
have the authority to penalize DOE when these
deadlines are missed.
Cleanup plans are developed in the public eye.
Public comment is an essential tool in helping
the agencies to improve cleanup plans and avoid
future pitfalls. A formal comment period is
required for most actions taken under CERCLA
and under the National Environmental Policy
Act (NEPA). DOE has chosen to fold public par-
ticipation requirements of the two laws into a
single, coordinated process.
The DOE complex at Oak Ridge is subject to
a variety of federal and State environmental laws
and regulations. These laws exist to protect the
community and environment from contaminants
Response, Compensation, and
Liability Act (CERCLA)
Commonly known as the
"Superfund," CERCLA was enacted in
1980. It establishes a trust fund for
cleaning up abandoned or uncontrolled
hazardous waste sites. It also sets up
rules governing these sites and holding
those responsible for the contamina-
CERCLA lays out the steps through
which DOE must proceed in cleanup
planning under its Environmental
Restoration program. The "CERCLA
process" guides DOE through seven
clearly defined steps:
/ Feasibility analysis,
/ Development of alternatives,
/ Public participation,
/ Selection of alternatives, and
/ Creation of a final, legal decision
embodied in a document known as
a Record of Decision (ROD).
The ROD is a key milestone in
CERCLA decisions because it estab-
lishes the legal and technical require-
ments for a given cleanup. Once the
State and the EPA have signed a ROD,
DOE is responsible for carrying out
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Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation - DOE Oversight Division. Status Report to the Public - December 1999, report, December 1, 1999; United States. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc724924/m1/29/: accessed April 26, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.